What You Need to Know About Vaping THC Oil

Vaping: What You Need to Know

What You Need to Know About Vaping THC Oil

Vaping is the inhaling of a vapor created by an electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) or other vaping device.

E-cigarettes are battery-powered smoking devices. They have cartridges filled with a liquid that usually contains nicotine, flavorings, and chemicals. The liquid is heated into a vapor, which the person inhales. That's why using e-cigarettes is called «vaping.»

What Are the Health Effects of Vaping?

Vaping hasn't been around long enough for us to know how it affects the body over time. But health experts are reporting serious lung damage in people who vape, including some deaths.

Vaping puts nicotine into the body. Nicotine is highly addictive and can:

  • slow brain development in kids and teens and affect memory, concentration, learning, self-control, attention, and mood 
  • increase the risk of other types of addiction as adults

E-cigarettes also:

  • irritate the lungs
  • may cause serious lung damage and even death
  • can lead to smoking cigarettes and other forms of tobacco use

Some people use e-cigarettes to vape marijuana, THC oil, and other dangerous chemicals. Besides irritating the lungs, these drugs also affect how someone thinks, acts, and feels.

How Do E-cigarettes Work?

There are different kinds of e-cigarettes. But many people use the Juul. This e-cigarette looks a flash drive and can be charged in a laptop's USB port. It makes less smoke than other e-cigarettes, so some teens use them to vape at home and in school. The Juul pod's nicotine levels are the same as in a full pack of cigarettes.

Do You Have to Vape Every Day to Get Addicted?

Even if someone doesn't vape every day, they can still get addicted. How quickly someone gets addicted varies. Some people get addicted even if they don't vape every day. 

What About E-cigarettes That Don't Have Nicotine?

Most e-cigarettes do have nicotine. Even e-cigarettes that don't have nicotine have chemicals in them. These chemicals can irritate and damage the lungs. The long-term effects of e-cigarettes that don't have nicotine are not known.

Why Should People Who Vape Quit?

People who vape need the right motivation to quit. Wanting to be the best, healthiest version of themselves is an important reason to quit vaping. Here are some others:

Unknown health effects: The long-term health consequences of vaping are not known. Recent studies report serious lung damage in people who vape, and even some deaths.

Addiction: Addiction in the growing brain may set up pathways for later addiction to other substances.

Brain risks: Nicotine affects brain development in kids and teens. This can make it harder to learn and concentrate. Some of the brain changes are permanent and can affect mood and impulse control later in life.

Use of other tobacco products: Studies show that vaping makes it more ly that someone will try other tobacco products, regular cigarettes, cigars, hookahs, and smokeless tobacco.

Toxins (poisons): The vapor made from e-cigarettes is not made of water. The vapor contains harmful chemicals and very fine particles that are inhaled into the lungs and exhaled into the environment.

Sports:To do their best in sports. Vaping may lead to lung inflammation (irritation).

Money: Vaping is expensive! The cost of the cartridges over time starts to add up. Instead, someone could spend that money on other things that they need or enjoy.

To go against tobacco company advertising: Many e-cigarettes are made by the same companies that produce regular cigarettes. Their marketing targets young people by making fun flavors for e-cigarettes and showing young, healthy people vaping. They are trying to make kids and teens of today into their new, lifetime customers.

How Can Kids and Teens Quit Vaping?

For kids and teens who want to quit, it can help to:

  • Decide why they want to quit and write it down or put it in their phone. They can look at the reason(s) when they feel the urge to vape.
  • Pick a day to stop vaping. They can put it on the calendar and tell supportive friends and family that they're quitting on that day.
  • Get rid of all vaping supplies.
  • Download tools (such as apps and texting programs) to their phone that can help with cravings and give encouragement while they're trying to stop vaping.
  • Understand withdrawal. Nicotine addiction leads to very strong cravings for nicotine. It can also lead to:
    • headaches
    • feeling tired, cranky, angry, or depressed
    • trouble concentrating
    • trouble sleeping
    • hunger
    • restlessness

The signs of withdrawal are strongest in the first few days after stopping. They get better over the following days and weeks.

How Can Parents Help?

To help kids understand the risks of vaping and take control of their health, you can:

  • Share the just-for-teens version of this article with your child.
  • Suggest that your child look into local programs and websites that help people quit vaping. Your health care provider can help you and your child find the right support.
  • Lend your support as your teen tries to quit.
  • Set a good example by taking care of your own health. If you smoke or vape, make the commitment to quit.

Talk to your kids about the reports of serious lung damage, and even deaths, in people who vape. Call your doctor right away if your child or teen vapes and has:

Источник: https://kidshealth.org/en/parents/e-cigarettes.html

Weed Vapes and Pens: What you need to know about cannabis vaping

What You Need to Know About Vaping THC Oil

Cannabis vaporization has exploded in popularity in recent years. Vaporization, or vaping, uses vapor to disseminate cannabinoids into the bloodstream. There is a wide range of vaping devices available to meet the needs of different users, and it's recognized as an easy and discreet method of consuming cannabis.

There is a wide range of vaping devices available to meet the needs of different users, and it's recognized as an easy and discreet method of consuming cannabis. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

Although vaping cannabis only became common in the past several years, the practice has been around for much longer. The first electronic cigarette patent was filed in 1963.

The invention wasn't mass-produced, but four decades later, pharmacist Hon Lik patented the vape pen and vaping took off. By 2014, global sales of vaping devices were worth just under $5 billion. In 2018 the global market had doubled to $11.

5 billion, according to a forecast by market research company iMarc. 

A 2019 outbreak of lung disease linked to vaping has recently thrown the belief that vaping is a safe alternative to smoking into question. Research into vaping is helping us to understand what contributed to this crisis, and whether vaping still represents a safe method of cannabis consumption or not.

What do you vape?

Vaping devices such as e-cigarettes, vape pens, and mods can be filled with a variety of cannabis extracts or concentrates in many forms. The most common is distillate, a highly refined oil containing only a few cannabinoids such as THC or CBD. Specialty concentrates, CO2 oil, shatter, and full-spectrum extracts, contain diverse cannabinoids and provoke a different experience. 

Does vaping get you higher than smoking?

While it's recognized that everybody processes cannabis and cannabinoids a little differently, people often debate whether vaping gets you higher than smoking.

A study published by the JAMA Open Network in November 2018 found that people who had been vaping weed had higher quantities of THC in their bloodstream than those who had been smoking weed.

The study, which was posted on Reddit, elicited hundreds of comments. While the responses varied, most concurred that vaping marijuana flower gets you higher than smoking it.

According to the study, vaporizers may offer a more efficient delivery method.

There is no loss of THC as a result of combustion or sidestream smoke—one of the inconvenient side effects of smoking THC oil (also known as cannabis oil or hash oil).

The benefits of vaping cannabis

Vaping has been thought to be a healthier mode of administration than smoking because studies have shown that the combustion of plant material introduces airborne and skin-borne carcinogens into the body.  

Vaping has been thought to be a healthier mode of administration than smoking. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

Vaping heats cannabis flower, extract, or concentrate to a certain point which releases the cannabinoids and terpenes without igniting the plant material or creating smoke. Since the cannabis flower or concentrate is heated at a lower temperature and no smoke is involved, many argue that fewer cannabinoids are destroyed.

The risks of vaping cannabis

However, vape concentrates and cartridges sometimes include thinning agents or other additives. When heated, these can break down into compounds such as formaldehyde, which are carcinogenic. 

According to the CDD, in August 2019, hundreds of cases of lung disease arose which were later linked to vaping.

By the end of 2019, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) had reported at least 55 deaths and more than 2,500 hospitalizations due to lung injuries in all 50 states.

By February 18, 2020, the number of deaths had increased to 68 and hospitalizations to 2,807. The disease has since been referred to as EVALI, and is strongly correlated with THC vape cartridges found on the illicit market.

The CDC has released findings hospital admissions and laboratory data that suggest that vitamin E acetate has played a role in the EVALI outbreak.

Vitamin E acetate is often used to dilute or thicken THC oil because it's colorless, odorless, has a similar viscosity to THC oil, and is much cheaper.

Referred to as a cutting agent, it can be used to stretch the amount of THC oil in vape pens.

According to a study published in the December 2019 New England Journal of Medicine, vitamin E acetate was identified in fluid obtained from 48 of 51 patients in 16 states but was not present in such fluid obtained from healthy patients. Further data from Utah has found vitamin E acetate present in 89 percent of the vape cartridges collected from patients with symptoms of EVALI.

The authors of The New England Journal of Medicine study theorized that vitamin E acetate may contribute to lung injury by creating ketene when heated. Ketene is a reactive compound that has the potential to be a lung irritant, depending on its concentration. 

The aspiration of vitamin-E acetate may also lead to lipoid pneumonia, an inflammatory response that occurs after someone inhales a fat or oil.

However, correspondence published in the October 2019 New England Journal of Medicine reported that lipoid pneumonia was not evident in lung tissue taken from patients with vaping-associated lung injury. The samples taken showed no evidence of lipoid pneumonia.

While lipoid pneumonia can't be discounted, the samples suggested a form of airway-centered chemical pneumonitis caused by the inhalation of toxic substances. There may be additional chemicals or ingredients involved in the EVALI outbreak that are yet to be identified.

Are dab pens bad for you?

The degradation of cannabis concentrates used in dabbing was the subject of a 2017 Portland State University (PSU) study. Researchers found that vaping with dab pens “may deliver significant amounts of toxic degradation products when consumed at high temperatures.” 

The authors also indicated that the addition of terpenes as flavorings was also a concern. Terpenes are volatile and prone to oxidation when heated. There is currently little research about what happens to the chemical structure of terpene additives at high temperatures.  

What to do if you feel sick

Clinicians are now urged to report possible cases of EVALI to their local or state health departments. Scientists, researchers, and industry experts a are currently seeking evidence-based harm reduction solutions. These measures include educating consumers about avoiding illicit vaping devices and promoting awareness of how to detect counterfeit vape cartridges.

Further research into the safety of cutting agents used for dilution and additives is ongoing. There is already evidence that overheating other cutting agents, such as polyethylene glycol, may produce harmful, carcinogenic compounds. Products such as cannabis distillate and raw flower do not contain additives. 

According to the CDC, the safest way for people to ensure that they are not at risk while the investigation continues is to consider refraining from the use of all vaping products. Those who won't consider refraining from vaping are urged to avoid e-cigarettes bought on the illicit market and use branded e-cigarette products that haven't been modified. 

Источник: https://weedmaps.com/learn/cannabis-and-your-body/what-to-know-about-vaping-cannabis

Does smoking marijuana vs. vaping THC oil make a difference? Experts weigh in

What You Need to Know About Vaping THC Oil

Vapes might be the biggest change in the world of marijuana since the invention of the bong. Vaporizing THC oil has never been more popular, but does using a vape actually change the experience of being high?

There’s no denying that there are some differences between smoking weed and vaping THC oil, but according to the experts, there’s a third and even better option you might be overlooking.

In the United States, marijuana is the second-most commonly used psychotropic drug. Over 122 million people in the US have tried weed at some point in their lives.

About half of all 30 to 50-year-olds use it regularly, according to 2017 statistics. The same is true for teens, too.

Smoking pot is legal for recreational use in 11 states, and several others are looking to make it legal in the next year.

Cannabis has to be heated for the cannabinoids in the plant to have a psychoactive effect — a process called decarboxylation. But other than that, how it is consumed is up to the user: You can smoke it, you can vape it, dab it, eat it, or even pop it in a pill.

The majority of users either smoke weed or vape THC oil. Smoking involves burning the dried plant, while vaping THC oil involves vaporizing an extract from the plant and inhaling the vapor. Both these methods offer good absorption and fast — but not long-lasting — effects.

Until recently, smoking was the preferred method of consumption overall, but vaping THC oil is on the rise, especially among teens, according to the National Institute for Drug Abuse for Teens. The number of 12th graders vaping THC nearly doubled between 2018 and 2019, according to the data.

Each method has its champions, but is one better than the other for both your brain and your body?

Inverse spoke to two scientists about the different effects of smoking weed versus vaping THC oil on your health, and asked: Which method gets you higher?

Smoking THC’s toll on health

When smoking a joint, the joint releases carcinogenic chemicals — compounds that cause cancer — as it burns. The human lung is not equipped to breathe in the byproducts of combustion. As a result, smoking marijuana can lead to respiratory inflammation (symptoms include wheezing, shortness of breath, altered pulmonary function tests, cough, phlegm production, and more).

This irritation is similar to the effects of smoking cigarettes, but the science is inconclusive as to whether smoking marijuana is linked to the myriad long-term health problems that smoking cigarettes is.

A 2015 review found little evidence that smoking weed is linked to increase risk of lung cancer — one of the top long-term consequences of cigarette use.

But it did not take heavy consumption into account — meaning the question remains open.

There is some evidence that smoking marijuana every day over a long period of time could put men at higher risk of testicular cancer, however. A December 2019 study found that a daily habit over ten years was linked to a 36 percent increase in the odds of developing testicular germ cell tumors, which are involved in 95 percent of all testicular cancer cases.

Vaping THC oil and health

Vaping THC oil offers an alternative to combustion, avoiding the side-effects tied to burning. But a 2015 paper suggests that the potential differences between smoking and vaping weed may not be as great as those between vaping and smoking tobacco.

But while we do not fully understand the risks of vaping THC oil, that does not mean that vaping THC oil is not risky at all. In the past two years, the US has witnessed an outbreak in lung problems linked to vaping products. And as of February 2020, there were a total of 2,758 recorded cases of what is now known as EVALI and a total of 64 deaths as a result of vaping-related illness.

“I don't don't mean to sound paranoid… but we don't have the data.»

In December 2019, US officials concluded that a chemical additive called vitamin E acetate, often used in THC oil for vapes, is ly responsible for these illnesses.

That, say the experts, is no surprise.

“With e-liquids there is more opportunity to adulterate the product,” Tory Spindle, a post-doctoral research fellow at Johns Hopkins Medicine tells Inverse.

“That was why a lot of this acute illness was happening. Whenever you introduce more constituents, you are inhaling more things, and that is generally not going to be a good thing.”

The lack of government regulation and oversight into what goes into e-liquids and THC-oil concentrates means it is hard to draw conclusions on their long-term effects on health. The fact that the market for vaping moves much quicker than the research on it “is not ideal,” Spindle says.

“We don't have long-term data. It is probably better than lighting something on fire and inhaling the smoke,” Mitch Earleywine, professor at the University of Albany, tells Inverse.

But there is a catch:

“Nobody has two-year follow-up data on any of that,» he says.

«It is distinctly possible that come 2022, we are going to find out, oh shit, this glycerin was not a good idea,» he says. «I don't mean to sound paranoid… but we don't have the data.”

Does smoking or vaping weed give a stronger high?

On this question, vaping THC oil is the ly winner, the experts say.

“The oils, so those butane hash oils and the dabbing, because they are such a high concentration of THC, of course, it's bound to get more into your blood faster,” Earleywine says.

“But we're talking about, you know, 15 seconds versus 30 seconds.”

There is also a clear distinction between purchasing a 90 percent concentration THC oil instead of a 23 percent concentration THC plant. Depending on which you consume regularly, it may affect how consumers build their tolerance.

“You are going to get a whole lot of THC into your bloodstream really quickly,» with vapes, he says. «The impact will be really dramatic, but it looks you probably would develop tolerance more rapidly too.”

A synthetic high could also change the psychological side effects of marijuana.

“The natural flower is much less ly to create [paranoia] because it has those other cannabinoids,» Earleywine says.

Vape oils, meanwhile, are «literally synthetic versions or extracts that no longer have other cannabinoids in there that might be keeping some of the more aversive parts dampened,» he says.

Is it better to smoke or vape THC oil?

The experts agree on one thing: Smoking or vaping THC oil are neither as good as vaporizing the plant.

Vaporizing weed is different from vaping with an oil pen — you instead burn the cannabis plant in a vaporizer, releasing the chemicals from the plant into air and then inhale it. By doing so, you bypass the burning effect of joints, and you bypass the other, potentially harmful chemicals that are often packed into vape cartridges.

Earleywine tested the health implications of vaporizing weed in a 2015 study and found that smokers with respiratory irritation had better lung function after switching to a vaporizer.

“We had folks improve their lung volume and how quickly they can force air their lungs in just a month — that I was really gung-ho about,” he says.

Vaporizing, Earleywine thinks, is «probably the healthiest way to get quick consumption of cannabinoids.»

«I wish folks would use the vaporizer rather than the vape pens.”

The same goes for the high — vaporizing the bud may have a stronger psychotropic effect, Spindle says.

In 2018, Spindle conducted a small study comparing the subjective drug effects of smoking or vaporizing weed, finding that THC's effects were stronger when vaporizing.

Vaporizing had a stronger impact than smoking on participants' cognitive functions. They also reported feeling higher and had more difficulty performing routine tasks. This was especially true for people new to marijuana, which may also increase their levels of anxiety or paranoia.

So what is better? Vaping, smoking, or vaporizing the bud?

“Depends on what your end goal is,” Spindle says. But what little evidence there is points to vaporizing the bud as a worthwhile alternative, Earleywine says.

As the social and legal landscape around marijuana shifts, the future of marijuana consumption is hard to make out. Edibles may also be a good potential substitute to combustion and e-liquids, but their delayed effects and difficulties in dosage are making them still quite hard to harness.

“My hope would be that the portable vaporizers, the machines that actually do use the whole plant and heat it up but don't light it on fire… I feel that is the way we should go,” Earleywine says.

“If socially it could become more acceptable and kind of hip to have a vaporizer we would be much better off from a public health perspective,» he says.

Источник: https://www.inverse.com/mind-body/thc-vape-oil-vs-smoking-weed

Vaping Illness Update: Stop Using THC Vaping Products

What You Need to Know About Vaping THC Oil

  • Consumers and family members of consumers who use vaping products containing tetrahydrocannabinol (or THC), a psychoactive component of the marijuana plant.
  • Consumers who have used vaping products of any kind obtained off the street or from unknown sources.
  • Consumers experiencing symptoms such as cough, shortness of breath or chest pain after using vaping products.
  • Health care professionals treating patients who use vaping products.

Purpose:

In its continued efforts to protect the public, the U.S.

Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is strengthening its warning to consumers to stop using vaping products containing THC amid more than 1,000 reports of lung injuries—including some resulting in deaths—following the use of vaping products.

The FDA is working closely with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), as well as state and local public health partners to investigate these illnesses as quickly as possible.

While the work by federal and state health officials to identify more information about the products used, where they were obtained, and what substances they contain is ongoing, the FDA is providing members of the public with additional information to help protect themselves.

Problem and Scope:

A majority of the samples tested by the states or by the FDA related to this investigation have been identified as vaping products containing THC. Through this investigation, we have also found most of the patients impacted by these illnesses reported using THC-containing products, suggesting THC vaping products play a role in the outbreak.

Recommendations for the Public:

  • Do not use vaping products that contain THC.
  • Do not use vaping products—particularly those containing THC—obtained off the street or from other illicit or social sources.
  • Do not modify or add any substances, such as THC or other oils, to vaping products, including those purchased through retail establishments.
  • No vaping product has been approved by the FDA for therapeutic uses or authorized for marketing by the FDA.

    The agency recommends contacting your health care provider for more information about the use of THC to treat medical conditions.

  • No youth or pregnant women should be using any vaping product, regardless of the substance. Adults who do not currently use tobacco products should not start using these products.

    If you are an adult who uses e-cigarettes instead of cigarette smoking, do not return to smoking cigarettes.

  • If you choose to use these products, monitor yourself for symptoms (e.g., cough, shortness of breath, chest pain) and promptly seek medical attention if you have concerns about your health.

    If you are concerned about your health after using a vaping product, contact your health care provider, or you can also call your local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Health care providers also can contact their local poison control center.

FDA Actions:

More information is needed to better understand whether there is a relationship between any specific products or substances and the reported illnesses. To help gather and analyze as much information as possible, the FDA is working closely with federal and state partners to identify the products or substances that may be causing the illnesses.

The FDA’s Forensic Chemistry Center is using state-of-the-art technology to analyze hundreds of samples submitted by a number of states for the presence of a broad range of chemicals, including nicotine, THC, other cannabinoids, and opioids along with cutting agents/diluents and other additives, pesticides, poisons, heavy metals and toxins.

No one substance has been identified in all of the samples tested. Importantly, identifying any compounds that are present in the samples will be one piece of the puzzle but will not necessarily answer questions about what is causing these illnesses.

Federal and state partners are following any potential leads. The FDA is committed to taking appropriate actions as the facts emerge and keeping the public informed as we have more information to share.

How to Report a Problem:

CDC and the FDA encourage the public to provide detailed information related to any unexpected tobacco- or e-cigarette-related health or product issues to the FDA via the online Safety Reporting Portal.

Источник: https://www.fda.gov/consumers/consumer-updates/vaping-illness-update-fda-warns-public-stop-using-tetrahydrocannabinol-thc-containing-vaping

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