What to Know About Ketamine Use

Ketamine | FRANK

What to Know About Ketamine Use
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Sold as a grainy white or light brown powder. Looks similar to cocaine but is a very different drug.

Also called:

  • A clear liquid, when used in medicine
  • A grainy white or brown crystalline powder when sold on the street
  • Tablets, although this is less common

Ketamine tastes bitter and unpleasant.

Ketamine is used in medicine as an anesthetic for humans and animals.

By snorting it as a powder

Most people who take powder ketamine will snort it. Users often talk of taking a ‘bump’, meaning they snort a small amount of ketamine. In the UK, snorting is the most common way to take ketamine.

By injecting it

People who regularly use ketamine sometimes inject it to get a bigger hit. They usually inject ketamine into a muscle.

By swallowing it as a tablet

Some people swallow it in tablet form, but this is less common.

By bombing

Some people ‘bomb’ it, which is swallowing the powder wrapped in a cigarette paper.

Ketamine is a general anaesthetic so it reduces sensations in the body. Trips can last for a couple of hours.

Taking ketamine can make you feel:

  • dream- and detached
  • chilled, relaxed and happy
  • confused and nauseated

Ketamine can also:

  • alter your perception of time and space and make you hallucinate (see or hear things that aren't there)
  • stop you feeling pain, putting you at risk of hurting yourself and not realising it

If you take too much ketamine you may lose the ability to move and go into a ‘k-hole’. This feels your mind and body have separated and you can't to do anything about it – which can be a very scary experience.

Regular ketamine use can cause:

  • agitation
  • panic attacks
  • damage to short- and long-term memory
  • depression, if taken frequently

It can make people seem slower, more relaxed and chilled out, but it can also stop people from being able to move properly and from making sense.

How long the effects last and the drug stays in your system depends on how much you’ve taken, your size and what other drugs you may have also taken.

When snorted, ketamine normally takes about 15 minutes to take effect. When taken orally, it will take longer, around 20 minutes to an hour.

How long it lasts

The buzz can last around for 30 minutes to an hour, but the effects really depend on how much you take.

After effects

People may feel down and low in mood for a few days after using ketamine.

Ketamine can be detected in a urine test for several days after taking it.

How long a drug can be detected for depends on how much is taken and which testing kit is used. This is only a general guide.

  • Ketamine is a very powerful anesthetic that can cause serious harm. Taking ketamine can be fatal, particularly if it is mixed with other drugs.
  • Ketamine can increase your heart rate and blood pressure. It can make you confused, agitated, delirious and disconnected from reality.
  • It can make you feel sick, and it can cause damage to your short- and long-term memory.
  • Because of the body’s loss of feelings, paralysis of the muscles and the mind’s loss of touch with reality, you can be left vulnerable to hurting yourself or being hurt by others.
  • Because you don't feel pain properly when you've recently taken ketamine, you can injure yourself and not know you've done it.
  • Ketamine can cause serious bladder problems, with the urgent and frequent need to pee. This can be very painful and the pee can be blood-stained. Although stopping using ketamine can help, sometimes the damage can be so serious that the bladder needs surgical repair or even removal.
  • The urinary tract, from the kidneys down to the bladder, can also be affected and incontinence (uncontrolled peeing) may also develop.
  • Abdominal pain, sometimes called ‘K cramps’, have been reported by people who have taken ketamine for a long time.
  • Evidence of liver damage due to regular, heavy ketamine use is emerging. The liver has a range of important functions, such as cleaning your blood and removing toxic substances.
  • The longer term effects of ketamine use can include flashbacks, memory loss and problems with concentration.
  • Regular use can cause depression and, occasionally, psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations. Ketamine can also make existing mental health problems worse.
  • Interestingly, medical grade ketamine is now being researched as a potential treatment for severe depression, but it is too early to know the results of this research.

Street ketamine is usually sold as a white/beige crystalised powder and is sometimes cut with other powders to add weight and improve the dealer’s profits.

It’s impossible to tell whether the ketamine you buy has been cut with other substances by looking at it.

Yes, every time you mix drugs you take on new risks.

If you mix ketamine with other drugs, particularly depressant drugs alcohol, benzodiazepines or opiates, you risk collapsing, passing out and/or seriously injuring yourself. You could also choke, especially if you vomit.

Ketamine can also be very dangerous when mixed with ecstasy or amphetamine (speed), as it can cause high blood pressure.

If you take lots of ketamine and mix it with other drugs you could die.

Yes. People who become addicted to ketamine will keep taking it – whether they’re aware of the health risks or not. Others will attend drug treatment services to help them stop.

People who use ketamine regularly can develop a tolerance to it, which could lead to them taking even more to get the effects they’re looking for.

There are no physical withdrawal symptoms with ketamine, so ketamine addiction is sometimes called a psychological dependence.

Class: B

  • This is a Class B drug, which means it’s illegal to have for yourself, give away or sell.
  • Possession can get you up to 5 years in prison, an unlimited fine or both.
  • Supplying someone else, even your friends, can get you up to 14 years in prison, an unlimited fine or both.

drink-driving, driving when high is dangerous and illegal. If you’re caught driving under the influence, you may receive a heavy fine, driving ban, or prison sentence.

If the police catch people supplying illegal drugs in a home, club, bar or hostel, they can potentially prosecute the landlord, club owner or any other person concerned in the management of the premises.

Источник: https://www.talktofrank.com/drug/ketamine

What You Should Know About Ketamine Infusion Therapy

What to Know About Ketamine Use

Chronic pain, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, migraines, and other chronic mental and physical health issues have confounded health care professionals for years. These conditions are incredibly hard to treat so you get relief and go on to live a healthy, normal life.

Ketamine infusion therapy offers a treatment for these hard-to-treat, life-altering conditions. At Integrated Spine & Pain Care in Farmingdale and Deer Park, New York, we can treat your condition with medically managed ketamine infusion therapy.

As health care professionals, we greatly value ketamine’s low side-effect profile, its overall effectiveness at lifting mood and relieving pain, and its quick action in reducing symptoms.

The basics of ketamine infusions

Ketamine has been used for decades as a surgical anesthetic and pain reliever. Ketamine acts on your NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) receptors and stimulates glutamate activity. Glutamate is a neurotransmitter that’s key to regulating your mood. 

Ketamine works quickly to effectively treat conditions such as depression, anxiety, PTSD, suicidal ideation, and various chronic pain issues that are resistant to traditional treatments

At Integrated Spine & Pain Care, we deliver ketamine through intravenous (IV) infusion. We calculate the dose so your infusion therapy provides the beneficial effects of ketamine while eliminating the general anesthetic qualities necessary for surgery.

Prior to ketamine treatments

Before you schedule your ketamine infusion therapy, we carefully evaluate your physical health and conduct a thorough review of your medical history. 

We discuss, in detail, ketamine, your expectations for therapy, and any previous treatments you’ve undergone for your pain, depression, migraines, or whatever condition with which you’re struggling.

At your ketamine infusion

Your ketamine treatment is delivered in a private and pleasant setting. 

The technician places an IV in your vein and the infusion begins. You feel a prick during the IV insertion, but otherwise, the treatment is painless. You simply sit back and relax as the ketamine drips into your body.

When dosed appropriately, ketamine can immediately lift your mood, but it doesn’t provide the “high” you may experience with opioids or other drugs. Ketamine can actually mellow you out and sedate you slightly. Generally, you can expect to remain relaxed yet awake throughout the infusion.  

In the 30 minutes following treatment, you remain in our office so we can check your vitals and reaction to the ketamine.

Following ketamine IV infusion therapy

Your ketamine infusion therapy can make you a little groggy, so you should have a loved one or friend drive you home from treatment. By the next morning, you should feel energized again.

Don’t be surprised if you notice a change in your mood and a reduction in pain within an hour of your first treatment. We will schedule you for a series of treatments to help you achieve optimal results. Some patients benefit from occasional follow-up treatments, too.

To find out more about ketamine therapy and if it’s an option for you, call us at Integrated Spine & Pain Care or schedule a consultation using this website.

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Источник: https://www.integratedspineandpaincare.com/blog/what-you-should-know-about-ketamine-infusion-therapy

20147 Ketamine

What to Know About Ketamine Use

Ketamine is a fast-acting anesthetic and painkiller used primarily in veterinary surgery. It is also used to a lesser extent in human medicine.

Ketamine can produce vivid dreams and a feeling that the mind is separated from the body. This effect, called “dissociation,” is also produced by the related drug PCP. Ketamine’s mind-altering effects make it prone to abuse. When ketamine is used in human medicine, it is often given with sedative drugs to offset these effects.

What does it look ?

Ketamine prepared for medical use is a colourless, tasteless and odourless liquid that can be injected. Ketamine is usually converted into a white powder before it is sold illegally. It may also be sold as capsules or tablets. The powder can be snorted, mixed into drinks or dissolved for injection. The liquid can be added to drinks or to marijuana or tobacco.

Who uses it?

Ketamine is legally available only to veterinarians and medical doctors for medical use. The ketamine sold illegally on the street or in clubs is often stolen or diverted.

Ketamine has been used for its mind-altering effects since the 1970s. In the 1990s ketamine became known as a “club drug” for its use in the dance club scene.

A 2011 survey of Ontario students in grades 7 to 12 reported that 0.9 per cent had used ketamine at least once in the past year.

How does it make you feel?

The way ketamine—or any other drug—affects you depends on many factors, including:

  • your age and your body weight
  • how much you take and how often you take it
  • how long you've been taking it
  • the method you use to take the drug
  • the environment you're in
  • whether or not you have certain pre-existing medical or psychiatric conditions
  • if you've taken any alcohol or other drugs (illegal, prescription, over-the counter or herbal).

At low doses, ketamine can have stimulant effects. Users report a sense of floating, dissociation and numbness in the body. When ketamine is taken in higher doses, users often become withdrawn. They may not remember who or where they are, and may stumble if they try to walk, feel their hearts race and find it difficult to breathe. High doses can also cause loss of consciousness.

Visual experiences can include blurred vision, seeing “trails,” and intense hallucinations. Some report feelings of an “out-of-body” or “near-death” experience. These experiences of detachment are sometimes described as a place, known as “the K-hole.” This experience can be terrifying.

How long does the feeling last?

The effects of ketamine are usually felt between one and 30 minutes after taking the drug, depending on whether it is injected, snorted or taken by mouth. The effects usually last about an hour. Some users may feel low or anxious, have some memory loss and experience flashbacks of their drug experience long after the effects of the drug have worn off.

Is it addictive?

Regular users of ketamine soon become tolerant to the dissociative effects of the drug, meaning more and more is needed to achieve the same effect.

Some people do become addicted, and continue to use ketamine even when they plan not to or despite its negative effects.

It is not clear whether people who are addicted to ketamine experience any symptoms of withdrawal when they stop taking the drug.

Is it dangerous?

Yes. If it is not used under the care of health professionals in a medical setting, users of ketamine put themselves at risk in a number of ways:

  • all anesthetics, ketamine prevents users from feeling pain. This means that if injury occurs, a person may not know it. People under its effects may have difficulty standing up and be confused about their surroundings. Ketamine-related injuries and fatalities are often the result of falls and other accidents.
  • Ketamine has been labelled a “rape drug.” This is because it can be slipped into someone’s drink without the person’s knowledge, and its effects can render the person unable to resist sexual assault.
  • Ketamine raises heart rate and blood pressure, which can increase the risk of stroke or heart attack.
  • Frequent use of ketamine may cause bladder problems (e.g., increased need to urinate, passing blood in urine).
  • The ketamine sold at clubs may be mixed with other drugs. Taking ketamine with other drugs can have unpredictable and sometimes dangerous effects.
  • Driving or operating machinery while under the influence of ketamine, or any drug, increases the risk of physical injury to the user and to others.

What are the long-term effects of using it?

Research into the non-medical use of ketamine suggests that the long-term effects can include flashbacks, social withdrawal and memory loss.

Copyright © 2003, 2012 Centre for Addiction and Mental Health

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Источник: https://www.camh.ca/en/health-info/mental-illness-and-addiction-index/ketamine

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