Treatment & Information for Compulsive Lying
You know the truth. And you know that deep intimacy and self-esteem are impossible without it. So how did the occasional little white lie become a habit, a strategy?
More importantly, how do you turn it around? How do you stop lying habitually, regain your sense of self-worth, and return to a life of trusting, secure relationships?
The first step in recovery is to understand it. To get to the bottom of why you do it.
Do you have any questions for us? Get in touch with us through our online contact form.Â
Call Bayside Psychotherapy on (03) 9557 9113 to find out if weâ€™re able to help you. Your call is completely confidential, and thereâ€™s absolutely no obligation.
You can also book an appointment by using our online booking form for online appointments. Or, if you prefer, you can book an in-clinic session.Â
This compulsion usually starts during childhood, often as a way of coping with difficult feelings of shame or anxiety. Growing up in an emotionally unsafe environment (where certain thoughts and feelings are considered â€˜wrongâ€™) can lead to habitual lying. And there can be other reasons as well. Many times the cause is opaque, at first.
Eventually it becomes an attempt to avoid difficulties, even though new difficulties result from habitual lying. In some cases, individuals believe deep down that their true self is flawed and not good enough. They feel they need to lie to win the acceptance and approval of people they value.
Others do it to carve out a barrier of psychological space between themselves and the other. This is often seen in people who feel smothered or otherwise controlled.
Whatever the reason, over time, pathological lying can become addictive. A habit. It feels more comfortable and more normal than telling the truth, to the point where many compulsive liars end up lying to themselves as well.
Unfortunately, without targeted treatment, compulsive lying can last a lifetime.
While lying may have seemed to make life easier in the past, youâ€™ve probably already realised that it can have a significant negative impact on your work, on loved ones, friends and colleagues. Even on strangers! It can ruin your career, tarnish your reputation and destroy relationships.
Deep intimacy requires trust. Friendships require trust. Fruitful working relationships require trust. Without trust, everything you say is called into question and every important person in your life feels betrayed and uncertain about your true intentions and feelings.
Just as importantly, your habit may be preventing you from getting what you need from your relationships. Many people who lie frequently are chronic people-pleasers who bury resentment and donâ€™t feel capable of asking for what they want and need. Since their partners, friends and colleagues donâ€™t even know theyâ€™re unhappy, thereâ€™s virtually no chance of improvement.
Thereâ€™s also some evidence indicating that this condition creates personal distress even when the liar â€˜gets away with itâ€™. It can make it harder to connect with other people and feel empathy.
Plus thereâ€™s the constant anxiety about getting caught in a lie. The pressure to remember your lies, and to manage the snowball effect of covering up lies with more lies, can lead you to feel guilty, fake, worthless and powerless to change.
But it doesnâ€™t have to be this way. Unravelling the interior tangle of trauma and denial and ingrained behaviour can be tricky on your own. But you can get help to address your pathological lying and set your life back on track. And the earlier you start, the better.
Admitting that you have a problem is the first, courageous step towards recovery. Seeking professional treatment for pathological lying is the second.
Our psychotherapy, counselling or hypnotherapy services are available to help you identify and address the underlying causes of your addiction, so you can work towards the goal of stopping altogether.
As you begin to gain insight into the triggers and patterns of your compulsive lying, youâ€™ll be better equipped to anticipate and control it. You may notice an improvement in your relationships and a significant increase in your self confidence. Not the fake kind of confidence that lying temporarily provides, but an authentic feeling of self-worth.
Psychotherapy involves deep, honest self enquiry designed to transform the inner conflicts that give rise to excessive lying in the first place. It requires commitment and the courage to confront painful, long-suppressed emotions. But the more thorough the therapy, the more ly you are to achieve lasting results.
We offer online and in-clinic counselling, psychotherapy or hypnotherapy.
Regardless of which you choose, we provide a safe, supportive, accepting environment, without shame or judgement. Compulsive lying is not something you should feel ashamed of or try to hide; itâ€™s just a disorder that needs treatment â€” ideally from someone who can provide an objective and informed perspective without sacrificing empathy for the real pain a lying addiction can cause.
During your first session, youâ€™ll be able to discuss your problem in confidence, ask any questions, and decide if your psychotherapist is the right fit for you. This session will give us an initial insight into the issues involved in your case, and help us understand what you want to achieve.
After the first session, weâ€™ll work with you to create a tailored treatment plan. We may propose hypnotherapy to help change your habitual patterns of thoughts and responses.
But every case is different.
We may alternatively recommend mindfulness therapy, cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) or (Neuro-linguistic programming) NLP, for example, to create a program tailored to your individual needs.
Importantly, we donâ€™t just treat your symptoms; we aim to help you discover the causes of your compulsive lying, so you can live a more satisfying, fulfilling and authentic life.
Some clients occasionally report that their treatment started showing results within the first few sessions. However, almost every compulsive liar requires longer term psychotherapy for meaningful change.
Although you may begin to experience improvements quite quickly, our therapy is not a quick-fix solution. We believe itâ€™s important to hunt down the underlying causes for problematic behaviours so you can live a more satisfying, fulfilling and authentic life.
Weâ€™re committed to helping you, but you need to be committed too. Everyoneâ€™s circumstances and reactions to treatment are different but your progress also relies heavily on your willingness to participate in therapy.
Have questions about treatment?
Call Bayside Psychotherapy on (03) 9557 9113, or use our contact form to find out if we can help you let go of habitual lying. Your call is completely confidential, and thereâ€™s absolutely no obligation.
Make an appointment today
Ready to start treatment for compulsive lying? Book online now or call our Highett clinic on 03 9557 9113.
Note: Whilst we will do our best to assist you, we rely on our clientsâ€™ full commitment to and participation in the treatment process to optimise results. Although some of our therapists work with people presenting with this condition, no guarantees of any outcomes can be made.
Whilst there has been little research into whether compulsive lying may be a symptom of depression, the true causes of compulsive lying are unknown.
For instance, it has been reported anecdotally as being associated with several other disorders such as Bipolar Disorder; Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD); Impulse control issues; Substance dependency; Borderline personality; or Narcissistic personality.
All of these illnesses can involve depression as well as compulsive lying, yet to state compulsive lying is a symptom of depression would be incorrect — they are simply two separate symptoms of an underlying conflict unique to an individual. Of not, not every compulsive liar has an underlying mental illness as such.
Figuring out where the symptom fits into a persons life and what function it intends to serve can be revealing. It is a case by case consideration.
A core feature of a pathological liar is that they generally have no obvious motivation to lie. Because of this, it can make it frustrating or even difficult to know what to do if you think youâ€™ve met one. The function and purpose may be unconscious and ironically it required honestly and commitment in therapy to get to the trues behind the temptation to lie.
Given commitment and honestly is needed in therapy for treatment to be successful, not all people experiencing pathological lying will benefit from psychotherapy or even counselling. An initial assessment session is indicated to determine motivation and appropriateness of therapy. That said, there is always a purpose behind the lies unique to the individual.
It is often possible to tell if and why someone may have told us a lie. This is usually an incorrect or false statement they make to (consciously) benefit themselves, such as to avoid stress, embarrassment, or anxiety.
Unconsciously however the person lying may struggle with anger under the surface and lie in order to create conflict (he or she consciously avoids conflict while unconsciously orchestrating it by way of setting themselves up to be caught out lying).
This is typical but not universal. Every case is different.
Whilst this may be in the instance of a simple white lie, there are a few tell-tale signs to help recognise a pathological liar.
For example, a pathological liar may lie for no obvious reason, with lies that do not seem to impact or benefit them in any way.
Their lies seem to have no clear benefit, which can be particularly frustrating because the person lying doesnâ€™t seem to gain anything (obvious) from their lies except to distort or manipulate the truth.
In addition, the lies they weave are often theatrical, complex, and extremely thorough.
Pathological liars tend to be great storytellers and, even though their lies are quite obviously over-the-top, they may be very convincing â€“ leading you to doubt yourself and what you believe to be the truth.
A pathological liar may often show themselves to be the hero or victim in their lies, to invoke either awe or pity in the listener.
Along with this, pathological liars sometimes seem to believe the lies they tell, weaving stories that fall between obvious lying andÂ delusion, in simpler terms — they seem to believe their own lies and become more convincing.
It can be problematic to determine how to deal with a pathological liar, especially since their defensive manoeuvres of denial, minimisation, projection, displacement, lashing out or gaslighting may be activated following confrontation. There are a few coping methods for dealing with a pathological liar, such as not losing your temper with them — itâ€™s important not to let your anger get the better of you.Â
- Remember, itâ€™s not about you — itâ€™s difficult not to take it personally when lied to but remember the person may be experiencing an underlying disorder.
- Be kind and supportive, but firm — remind them that you value them for who they are and that they donâ€™t need to impress you with their lies. But encourage them to consider therapy if they recognise a pattern and are ready to change.
- Donâ€™t engage or encourage them â€“ you may choose to question what theyâ€™re saying, but advise them that you donâ€™t wish to continue the conversation if they are lying. Sometimes setting a clear boundary and limit is crucial to preserve sanity in a relationship depending on the circumstances.
- Suggest help — suggest that they consider professional help, without judging or shaming them, reminding them that your suggestion comes from a place of concern and care for their well-being. It is ultimately their choice however and if they maintain denial in the face of evidence and otherwise to refuse treatment, there is little therapy can provide until they begin to take responsibility.
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Compulsive Lying — GoodTherapy.org Therapy Blog
Compulsive lying describes a condition in which a person tells falsehoods habit, sometimes for no reason at all. It is also known as pathological lying, mythomania, and habitual lying.
A German physician named Dr. Delbruck first described the condition in 1891. Five of his patients had a habit of telling excessively large lies. He named their behavior pseudologia phantastica (spelled pseudologia fantastica in American English).
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Many people are dishonest on occasion. Yet pathological liars tend to lie more frequently regardless of context.
Habitual lying often has the following traits:
- The lies are believable and may have truthful elements. A person who has the flu might tell co-workers the symptoms are in fact AIDS or some other serious illness.
- The lying continues for a long period of time and is not caused by some immediate pressure. A person who lies repeatedly about an affair would typically not qualify as a habitual liar, since the lies result from the desire to keep a secret.
- The lies tend to present the person lying in a positive light. A person is more ly to lie about having a Ph.D than claim they dropped high school.
- The lies have an internal—rather than external—motivation. A child with abusive parents might lie compulsively to avoid harm. These falsehoods would not be considered compulsive because the lying is motivated by an outside threat.
Before determining that someone is lying compulsively, clinicians will generally rule out other possible causes. Someone who has delusions or false memory syndrome is unly to qualify as a habitual liar. In general, a pathological liar must recognize they are saying something untrue.
Compulsive Lying vs. Pathological Lying
The terms “compulsive lying” and “pathological lying” are often used interchangeably. Medical literature currently does not differentiate between these terms. Yet there are professionals within the mental health community who classify the terms as subtly different conditions.
In this framework, compulsive lying is the habit of telling falsehoods uncontrollably. People in this category may be more comfortable telling lies than telling the truth. They may lie repeatedly about important as well as unimportant matters.
People who lie compulsively often have no ulterior motive. They may even tell lies which damage their own reputations. Even after their falsehoods have been exposed, people who lie compulsively may have difficulty admitting the truth.
Meanwhile, pathological lying often involves a clear motive. A person may lie to gain attention or admiration. Other lies may be designed to garner pity or help from others. Even self-harming lies may provide some form of internal gratification.
People who lie pathologically may mix falsehoods with the truth to make their lies more credible. As such, pathological lying is often considered a subtler form of manipulation than compulsive lying.
What Causes Compulsive Lying?
Psychologists disagree whether compulsive lying can stand alone as its own diagnosis. Currently, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) does not recognize it as a separate mental health condition. Yet compulsive lying does appear as a symptom of several larger conditions.
Compulsive lying may be a symptom of:
Compulsive lying rarely indicates psychosis. People who lie compulsively can often identify their accounts as lies. Thus, they are not distanced from reality.
Some psychologists believe a person’s environment plays a large role in compulsive lying. A person may live in a context where deception creates advantages. If a community does not assign firm or consistent consequences for lying, a person may believe the benefits of lying outweigh the risks. Lies might also be a coping mechanism for low self-esteem or past trauma.
Despite these short-term benefits, compulsive lying often backfires in the long run. A habitual liar may feel extreme stress from keeping track of their falsehoods. They may struggle to live up to their own claims. If their lies are exposed, their relationships will ly grow strained. In some cases, they may face legal consequences.
Treatment for Compulsive Lying
People who lie compulsively are encouraged to seek the help of a qualified therapist. A therapist can help habitual liars understand their condition and the way it affects other people. They may also reveal underlying diagnoses such as bipolar or ADHD. In these cases, a therapist will ly treat all a person’s issues in tandem.
When a person lies to their therapist, treatment can be difficult. Treatment tends to work best when the person in therapy acknowledges their condition. If the person is forced into therapy, they are unly to cooperate. Ideally, the person in therapy will believe help is necessary and make a sincere effort to change.
When a person lies to their therapist, treatment can be difficult. Even if the therapist catches a lie, the person may refuse to admit their dishonesty. This resistance serves as another differentiation between compulsive and pathological lying. In treating pathological lying, some therapists have found it beneficial to address the lying as an addiction.
Either group or individual sessions can be beneficial in treatment. When a person’s lying has interfered with personal or romantic relationships, couples counseling can also be helpful. Behavior modification strategies such as role playing may be used to promote change and gauge progress.
Compulsive lying can be a challenging condition. But with time and effort, it can be treated. If you would help to stop lying, you can find a therapist here.
- American Psychological Association. APA concise dictionary of psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2009. Print.
- Birch, C. D., Kelln, B. R. C. & Aquino, E. P. B. (2006). A review and case report of pseudologia fantastica. The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology, 17(2), 299-320.
- Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-5. (5th ed.). (2013). Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association.
- Dike, C. C. (2008, June 1). Pathological lying: symptom or disease. Retrieved from http://www.psychiatrictimes.com/articles/pathological-lying-symptom-or-disease
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