False Domestic Abuse Claims and Divorce

  1. The Defense Of Anticipated False Allegations Of Domestic Violence Cases in Divorce Cases
  2. Record The Incident As Evidence
  3. Cooperation With The Police – If They Are Called
  4. The police can make an arrest under the following circumstances:
  5. But She Hit Me Too
  6. The Police may analyze the situation in this way:
  7. Call A Criminal Defense Lawyer When The Police Are There IF POSSIBLE
  8. IF False Allegations Are “In the Works” Here Is A CHECKLIST Of Actions
  9. A Suggested PRE-incident Checklist: Preparation For Domestic Violence Traps
  10. A Suggested POST -incident Checklist: Preparation For Domestic Violence Traps
  11. Making Discovery In Colorado Criminal Domestic Violence Cases
  12. Helpful Witnesses
  13. If A Restraining Order Has Been Sought By The Alleged Victim
  14. Domestic violence are hearings of “credibility”. It is the victim’s word against yours usually with no one else present
  15. Do NOT Return To The Home Without The Court’s Permission
  16. Domestic Violence PREPARATION CHECK LIST
  17. False Allegations of Domestic Violence: Why Do People Lie?
  18. Separations, divorce and child custody
  19. Revenge-motivated domestic violence allegations
  20. What is family violence or domestic assault?
  21. Emotional abuse also counts in Texas
  22. Consequences of false domestic violence claims
  23. Get an experienced Houston domestic violence defense attorney
  24. However, a preponderance of evidence may be on your side, both in pre-trial situations and at trial
  25. Fighting Abuse Allegations in Divorce
  26. Abuse Allegations and Restraining Orders In Divorce
  27. In California, there are four kinds of restraining orders:
  28. Impact Of Abuse Allegations
  29. Child Custody
  30. Finances
  31. Emotional Toll
  32. How To Fight Abuse Allegations
  33. Hire a Lawyer
  34. Witnesses and Evidence
  35. Remain Calm
  36. Demonstrate a Pattern of Behavior
  37. False Domestic Abuse Claims: The Impact On Your Divorce or Separation | Law Offices of Jeffery M. Leving, Ltd
  38. Orders of protection
  39. Broader implications of orders of protection

The Defense Of Anticipated False Allegations Of Domestic Violence Cases in Divorce Cases

False Domestic Abuse Claims and Divorce

Introduction – Domestic violence allegations can often arise from almost any situation, including false allegations in the context of a divorce case.

  Some alleged domestic violence victims will falsely claim the most egregious kinds of abuse.

When you are accused of a false allegation of domestic violence you will have practically no preparation to defend yourself against what will surely follow.

Accusations of domestic violence can have both criminal and civil consequences…. False allegations of domestic violence and child abuse are common in family law cases and have become a major problem in our society.

 If you are involved in a pending divorce action it is wise to prepare for the possibility of false accusations of domestic violence or child abuse .. The fear is that you will be unjustly accused of domestic violence as a pretext to force you the house, lose custody of the children, or for some other strategic purposes is very real.

Record The Incident As Evidence

One recommendation is to purchase hand held voice activated tape recorder. In the event that the your spouse precipitates an event, hoping to trap you, the entire circumstance can be preserved on tape. While video is – incidents usually occur spontaneously and sporadically.

Cooperation With The Police – If They Are Called

In case the police are called for any occasion, obey the police no matter how irrational the behavior of the alleged victim, and leave the house if instructed.

The police can make an arrest under the following circumstances:

1. The victim exhibits signs of injury caused by an act of domestic violence.

  The word “exhibits” is to be liberally construed to mean any indication that a victim has suffered bodily injury, which shall include physical pain or any impairment of physical condition.

Probable cause to arrest may also be established when the police officer observes any manifestation of an internal injury suffered by the victim.

2. If there are no visible signs of injury, but the victim states that an injury occurred, the officer then considers other relevant factors in determining whether there is probable cause to make an arrest. This determination is solely within their discretion.

3. A warrant for defendant exists. 

4. Probable cause that a weapon was involved in domestic violence.

5. The police officer may also arrest a person if there is probable cause to believe that an act of domestic violence has been committed even if there is no injury.

But She Hit Me Too

Often in Domestic Violence Cases there are cross complaints against each other and each party might have signs of some kind of injury. Who is arrested under these circumstances?

The Police may analyze the situation in this way:

The comparative extent of the injuries suffered;

The history of domestic violence between the parties, if any;


Other relevant factors, such as the sequence of events – who struck first and why etc.

Call A Criminal Defense Lawyer When The Police Are There IF POSSIBLE

If an attorney is involved at this point, s/he may point out to the police they should not arrest his client under the facts as they exist – or if new information can be supplied to the officer on the seen. H.

Michael Steinberg has been very successful in this kind of situation, however in most cases, the police are going to proceed how they want to proceed.

They may resent the interference of attorneys especially at this stage, they should still try to stop the arrest of their clients.

IF False Allegations Are “In the Works” Here Is A CHECKLIST Of Actions

Be prepared to leave the house quickly and have a stash of cash stored outside the house, as well as a separate bank account in case funds become subsequently frozen.

Have an extra set of keys for the car to make sure the car can not be easily blocked in a garage or a driveway, extra clothes available and if you take prescription drugs to have the the prescription number or extra drugs available.

You may have an opportunity to come back to the house to pick up clothes, drugs, etc. but in too many cases when you come back, these items are missing.

Have a list of vital phone numbers: doctors, lawyers etc.

If you have any weapons in the house, put them in to a safe place outside the house, prior to any possibility of an incident.

A Suggested PRE-incident Checklist: Preparation For Domestic Violence Traps

[ ] Cash – Stored house

[ ] Keys – Extra Set – Hidden

[ ] Tape recorder or video tape

[ ] Police call access – panic button, cellular phone, friend

[ ] Clothes – Extra for self and children

[ ] Prescription drugs or medical insurance cards

[ ] Lawyer’s telephone number

[ ] Weapons Dispose of.

A Suggested POST -incident Checklist: Preparation For Domestic Violence Traps

A falsely accused defendant who has been thrown their home may have no place else to live but a motel. They may have lost visitation with their children or even custody. In these instances they should move as quickly as possible because of the hardship that you are enduring.

The accused should retain the best Colorado Criminal Lawyer they can afford and give that lawyer an exact narrative of the alleged allegations of domestic violence as well as whether there was any history of domestic violence in the past.

Were there any other false allegations, what became of them?

Was the same matter litigated previously?

Has there been a history of the alleged victim trying to get the defendant the house by other means such as court motions?

Is there any other motivation for the alleged incident, i.e. revenge, custody, strategic positioning in a matrimonial case?

All of these areas should be explored along with all other avenues to see if there is any kind of proof that can be elicited, such as someone who has heard the alleged victim talk about these motivations; or documentary proof such as tape recordings, letters, or other admissions.

Making Discovery In Colorado Criminal Domestic Violence Cases

Discovery in domestic violence cases is prescribed by Colorado Law which limits discovery in certain ways.

The discovery that is available in criminal cases in domestic violence cases does NOT Colorado Dissolution – Divorce related discovery.

In order to produce both physical and testamentary evidence, take advantage of the notice you will need a list of witnesses and any documents that bear on the relationship.

Helpful Witnesses

There will be lay witnesses who know the background on the case or actual eye witnesses to the occurrence. Expert witnesses such as doctors and police can be interviewed and subpoenaed. The accused may contact some of these witnesses as well as the lawyer to find out what they will testify to and whether testimony will be in the defendant’s favor.

Interviews may be conducted by telephone, and witnesses should never be subpoenaed to court without having interviewed.  Even if the case is in trial and witnesses have refused to speak to the lawyer prior to trial – the opportunity to interview may present itself. The danger though is that the because they avoided talking to the lawyer earlier – they may see this as harassment.

The lawyer should find out if there is any kind of photographs or tape recordings that are available.

The lawyer should Inspect any physical evidence such as torn clothing, broken dishes.

The lawyer should either visit the scene of the domestic violence or have pictures taken or both so that s/he you can understand what happened in the context of the exact surroundings.

The lawyer should interview and subpoena expert witnesses, and secure their reports, including hospital records, medical records, etc.

The lawyer should – if the police were witnesses to the alleged act of domestic violence and had to make a reluctant arrest, and were able to see the condition of the premises or the victim,  – interview them carefully and obtain their police reports. Then he lawyer should subpoena them as well as any 911 tapes, emergency tapes of the local police department.

A victim who says that she was afraid for her life, in danger and harassed by the defendant, may reveal a different tone and temperament when they call the police on the 911 tape.

If A Restraining Order Has Been Sought By The Alleged Victim

When the alleged victim makes their application for a temporary restraining order, whether in person or by telephone, it has to be by means of tape recording interview at the very least. The lawyer should get copies of the transcript of the proceedings or copies of the judge’s notes to be able to compare those to the police reports and the testimony at the time of trial.

Domestic violence are hearings of “credibility”. It is the victim’s word against yours usually with no one else present

In a Civil Restraining Order hearing – the burden of proof is only “the preponderance of evidence”.

The judicial climate is such that most judges no matter what the allegations and no matter what the defense, would order a restraint because it is safer to enter one than to deny one and worry about the consequences, not only the victim, but to themselves as sitting judges if they’ve made the wrong choice. It is easier for a judge to rationalize imposition of a restraining order, than to face the wrath of the victim, their superiors and the press if they are wrong.

Do NOT Return To The Home Without The Court’s Permission

Even if you are completely innocent you may not want to return to the house or risk a domestic violence finding against you.


For the Defense: The Lawyer should:

[ ] Learn if there is a previous history of domestic violence

[ ] The Exact narrative of alleged predicate event

[ ] Review the complaint

[ ] Learn Real motivation for alleging incident, i.e. revenge, custody etc. Substantiation of real motivation, i.e. tape recordings, prior writings, witnesses.

[ ] Make Discovery

[ ] Make a list of witnesses to be used at hearing, lay and expert and what they will testify to.

[ ] Obtain production of photographs, tape recordings

[ ] Inspect  physical evidence – torn clothing broken dishes

[ ] Visit scene of domestic violence, take pictures or diagram

[ ] Obtain Expert witnesses, experts’ reports, hospital records, medical records

[ ] Obtain All Testimonial evidence – subpoena and interview fact witnesses

[ ] Subpoena police and police reports, all tapes

[ ] Subpoena medical reports

[ ] Obtain transcript of hearing to obtain temporary restraining order.

[ ] Prepare financial information

False Allegations of Child Abuse and Domestic Violence are common in Colorado – please contact H. Michael Steinberg if you have questions about this and all other Colorado criminal cases.

Other Articles of Interest:


H. Michael Steinberg Esq.
Attorney and Counselor at Law

The Colorado Criminal Defense Law Firm of H. Michael Steinberg A Denver, Colorado Lawyer Focused Exclusively On Colorado Criminal Law For Over 30 Years.

DTC Quadrant Building 5445 DTC Parkway, Penthouse 4 Greenwood Village, Colorado, 80111

E-Mail:  [email protected]

Main:  303.627.7777
Cell:  720.220.2277
24/7 Pager:  303.543.4433
FAX (Toll Free):  1.877.533.6276

Always investigate a lawyer's qualifications and experience before making a
decision to retain that lawyer or, for that matter, any professional …in any field.

Источник: https://colorado-domestic-violence-lawyer.com/the-defense-of-anticipated-false-allegations-of-domestic-violence-cases-in-divorce-cases.html

False Allegations of Domestic Violence: Why Do People Lie?

False Domestic Abuse Claims and Divorce

Americans face false claims of family abuse or violence — and for a variety of reasons.

What are these reasons? Why do people falsely report cases of domestic violence?

We’ll get to the bottom of these questions and more in this article — starting with the most common factors underlying such false allegations.

Separations, divorce and child custody

A false claim of domestic abuse or violence may be made by one party in order to gain legal leverage over the other when it comes to divorce or child custody proceedings. In fact, this is perhaps the most common reason for such false claims.

As a couple nears separation or divorce, these false claims often arise — especially when children are involved and child custody becomes an issue.

False claims of domestic abuse or violence may be made to subvert the legal process in order for the accuser to gain the upper hand in legal proceedings leading to divorce and establishing child custody. Sadly, this is a common strategy to “game” or “work” the system.

Unless a false claim is disproved, the accused person may lose more financially in the divorce settlement, and he or she also may lose partial or total custody of a child or children.

A false claim of family violence may also be made by one parent in order to turn a child or children against the other parent. Even if the claim of domestic violence is later proven false, the damage may already have been done, casting a bad light on the accused parent that children may find hard to ignore.

Revenge-motivated domestic violence allegations

When a divorce or child custody battle is not involved, a false claim of domestic violence may be made when one party is vindictive toward the other and wants to exact revenge. Or maybe a heated argument occurs and is misconstrued as actual violence.

Perhaps only shouting was involved, and no physical abuse or violence happened. Or perhaps physical contact was limited to grabbing an arm or a hand, but without actual violence. A claim still could be made that violence occurred, and that claim would have to be disproved by the accused.

What is family violence or domestic assault?

As for who can be considered the victim of family violence or domestic assault, Texas law holds that it can be a spouse, a former spouse, foster parents, foster children, a child of a spouse or former spouse, a person with whom the defendant had offspring outside of marriage, or a member of a family by blood relation, adoption or marriage. Family violence can also involve a roommate, a nanny and a current or former dating partner.

Texas law considers domestic violence to occur under three categories:

  • Domestic assault (a Class A misdemeanor for a first-time offense)
  • Aggravated domestic assault (which can be a first degree felony when weapons are used or serious bodily injury occurs)

Note:: A new Texas law on domestic violence enables prosecutors to pursue a charge of continuous violence against the family even if the alleged assaults occur in different counties.

As for what activity constitutes a domestic assault under Texas law, that includes a person deliberately, recklessly or knowingly causing bodily injury to another person, such as by hitting, punching or kicking, as well as by attacking with a weapon. Kidnapping and unlawful confinement can also be considered domestic assaults under Texas law.

Emotional abuse also counts in Texas

In addition to physical violence, threatening another person with imminent bodily injury can be considered an assault in itself, in the form of emotional abuse.

A domestic assault can involve knowingly or deliberately causing physical contact with someone when the person who causes the contact knows, or reasonably should believe, that it will be perceived as provocative or offensive.

For example, perhaps a woman is known to be sensitive to having any physical contact during a heated argument. If her spouse or partner touches her in any way at such a time, even in a non-violent manner, that could be considered domestic abuse or assault.

Further, under the federal Violence Against Women Act (VAWA), a claim of abuse can go beyond physical abuse to include intimidation of a dependent, harassment and generally interfering with an individual’s personal liberty. Even temporarily blocking or shutting a door during a heated argument could constitute abuse.

Under VAWA, a spouse or family member who feels unsafe or threatened could claim domestic violence, even though no physical injury has occurred.

Consequences of false domestic violence claims

The long-term consequences of domestic violence claims — even if they are unfounded and false — can be debilitating and life-changing for the defendant. For starters, a restraining order may be issued against the accused, preventing him or her from returning home and seeing their children.

Millions of restraining orders are issued in the United States each year, and many of them are false claims and aren’t necessary. But law enforcement takes claims of domestic violence very seriously, and such orders may be issued quickly.

Get an experienced Houston domestic violence defense attorney

The speed at which things can get hand after a false claim of family assault or domestic violence is among the many reasons why it’s important to have an experienced domestic violence defense lawyer on your side.

Your domestic assault defense attorney can gather facts and negotiate with prosecutors, perhaps to avoid a charge being made in the first place. And if a domestic assault charge has already been made, your defense attorney can work to get the charge reduced or dismissed.

Keep in mind that only prosecutors can drop a charge. If someone falsely claims domestic violence and later asks that a charge be dropped, that doesn’t mean it will be dropped.

Claimants cannot do that — only prosecutors.

And prosecutors tend to err on the side of caution in order to protect claimants who may have been coerced or intimidated into asking that a charge be dropped.

However, a preponderance of evidence may be on your side, both in pre-trial situations and at trial

You must take a false claim of domestic violence seriously. If charged and convicted, you could face extensive fines and years in prison. Even if not imprisoned, you could lose contact with your children and the right to bear arms. You might also have a permanent stain on your criminal record, possibly hurting your educational or employment opportunities.

Whatever the case, and whatever the reason why a false report of domestic violence was made, you need a skilled domestic assault defense attorney to protect your legal rights. Contact the Neal Davis Law Firm today for a confidential legal review of your case.

Источник: https://www.nealdavislaw.com/criminal-defense-guides/false-accusations-domestic-violence.html

Fighting Abuse Allegations in Divorce

False Domestic Abuse Claims and Divorce

When most people think about divorce, they imagine heated exchanges, arguments, and conflict. It’s a volatile time. Spouses often have more than their share of bitterness and anger, and mudslinging is common. Some claims are legitimate, others not so much.

False abuse allegations in divorce rank among the most nefarious of these. Unfortunately, these often have a negative impact on outcomes and settlements.

Enduring abuse of any kind comes with a high cost to those who deal with it. These are serious issues that must be treated as such.

But false abuse allegations in divorce happen all too frequently. Some people think it will give them an advantage in divorce, and too often they’re right.

Abuse Allegations and Restraining Orders In Divorce

In cases of abuse, restraining orders also called protection orders, offer safety and security. They’re relatively simple to obtain.

That makes them effective, but it also makes them easy to exploit.

In California, there are four kinds of restraining orders:

  • Domestic Violence Restraining Order
  • Elder or Dependent Adult Abuse Restraining Order
  • Civil Harassment Restraining Order
  • Workplace Violence Restraining Order

For these purposes, let’s focus on domestic violence restraining orders. According to state law, you can obtain one of these if you meet two criteria:

  • Someone has abused you.
  • You have a close relationship with that person (married or registered domestic partners, divorced, separated, dating or used to date, have a child together, or live together or used to live together — but more than roommates), or you are closely related (parent, child, brother, sister, grandmother, grandfather, in-law).

In actual cases of abuse, they provide a shield and a lifeline. But there’s also little evidence required for the court to issue a restraining order. The court often issues temporary orders without much more than one spouse claiming to need one.

Domestic abuse is a serious problem, and no judge wants to fail to protect someone or place a person in harm’s way. They often choose the side of caution. It’s easy to see how people can exploit this to further their own agendas.

Related Reading: 8 Things You Should Never Do In Divorce

Impact Of Abuse Allegations

False abuse allegations in divorce can have a substantial impact on your case, especially if they result in a restraining order. They influence many areas.

Child Custody

The courts generally recognize the importance of both parents remaining in a child’s life after divorce. Even noncustodial parents are usually granted regular visitation and contact. The exceptions to this rule, however, are cases of abuse or neglect. False abuse allegations in divorce often devastate your chances of obtaining custody or equal parenting time.


Abuse allegations also often carry financial consequences. Restraining orders can be used to drive you your home or away from children. Additionally, child support and spousal support can come into play. Not to mention legal fees that pile up trying to refute false claims.

Emotional Toll

Abuse allegations often leave a person feeling helpless, stunned, and in severe emotional distress. Even if they’re ultimately disproven, it may alter the way people look at you. Fighting accusations often proves exhausting and leads to depression and despair. This may also manifest itself in other areas of your life, work and outside relationships.

Related Reading: Spying, Destruction of Property, and Restraining Orders: An Epic Divorce Saga

How To Fight Abuse Allegations

False abuse allegations in divorce leave you feeling vulnerable and exposed. Fighting them is harrowing and arduous, but there are options. If they’re not true, it’s important to refute them and limit the damage.

Hire a Lawyer

You may already have an attorney on your team by this point. Odds are, if it came to this, you probably knew things might get contentious eventually. But if not, strongly consider experienced representation. A lawyer can instruct you on how to defend yourself and do damage control.

Witnesses and Evidence

with most court cases, it’s important to collect witnesses and evidence to back your claims and support your narrative. The best way to prove your spouse is lying is to prove your spouse is lying.

Gather up anything that supports your cause, refutes your ex’s claims, or provides an alibi. This includes any relevant text messages, emails, voicemails, or other documentation. If you have witnesses willing to attest to your character, or better yet, who can counter your spouse’s specific claims, that supports your case.

Remain Calm

This is easier said than done, but it’s important to stay calm and collected during hearings. You’re probably full of emotions, but you don’t want to come across as unstable, irrationally angry, or capable of doing harm.

No matter what the other side claims, no matter how unfounded their accusations, respond as evenly as possible. Don’t interrupt, restrain any outbursts, don’t laugh or sneer or roll your eyes, and do what you must to leave a positive impression.

Demonstrate a Pattern of Behavior

If this is something your spouse threatened before, and you can prove it, that strengthens your position and weakens the other side’s case. Again, if you have texts, emails, or witnesses to back this up, it helps discredit false abuse allegations against you.

Restraining orders are designed to shield people in dire situations; to protect people who truly need protection. It’s unfortunate when people misuse them to gain an unfair advantage, or spite. But it does happen all too often.

As abuse allegations can have a negative impact on your case, and your life moving forward, it’s important to respond in a quick, decisive manner to counter any false claims.

Related Reading: How Does Adultery Affect Divorce In California?
Related Reading: Divorce Discovery Tools

Источник: https://www.goldbergjones-sandiego.com/divorce/false-abuse-allegations/

False Domestic Abuse Claims: The Impact On Your Divorce or Separation | Law Offices of Jeffery M. Leving, Ltd

False Domestic Abuse Claims and Divorce

Learn how false domestic abuse claims can impact your divorce or separation from the experts at the Law Offices of Jeffery M. Leving, Ltd.

Did you ever yell at your spouse in a heated argument or touch your partner’s arm to emphasize a point in contention? If you’re me (and millions of others), you have, and you may have also subjected yourself to being served with an order of protection. Some partners would misuse such an incident to gain an unfair advantage in a divorce or child custody proceeding.

Allegations of domestic violence or abuse as part of divorce or separation proceedings are all too common across Illinois and around the country.

In some cases, these allegations are backed by facts or evidence, and they should properly be considered by family courts making important custody and support decisions.

But, in many cases, one party – commonly the parental alienator of the relationship – makes completely false and unsubstantiated claims of abuse as a way to “game the system” and better their chances of getting the outcome they want.

Under the Illinois Domestic Violence Act, the term “abuse” goes beyond physical abuse and includes harassment, intimidation of a dependent, interference with personal liberty, or willful deprivation. Standing in the pathway during a heated argument and yelling, or touching your wife while saying “Please stop. I love you!” may just land you in jail.

Orders of protection

Once an allegation of domestic abuse or violence has been made, a judge can issue an emergency “order of protection.

” The legal standard for issuing such an order is surprisingly low considering the huge impact that it could have in both the short- and long-term.

An order or protection is usually a “no-contact” order, meaning that the person accused could be ordered by the court to leave the couple’s shared home and be prevented from having any contact with the accuser or the children.

After an order of protection is issued, even a mere allegation of a violation of an order of protection by the petitioning party (for example, having your friend talk to the petitioning party to ask them to rethink their petition) can land a respondent in jail.

He can be arrested on a criminal charge – more specifically, a Class A Misdemeanor (the most serious misdemeanor in Illinois – and face punishment of up to a year in jail and a huge fine.

The tremendous consequence is that a civil order of protection may quickly turn into jail time and loss of liberty for an innocent person dealing with an ineffective assistance of counsel or had retained no attorney at all. Defeating an order of protection and clearing your name is of the utmost importance.

In some instances, supervised visitation could be allowed in spite of an order or protection, but, oftentimes, the person facing the abuse allegations and the children are kept apart entirely (at least initially). This is where a false allegation could potentially be bootstrapped into a disastrous result in a custody case.

If the children are being legally prevented from spending time with their father, then their mother potentially has an unfair advantage in a contested custody proceeding.

For example, later in the proceedings, she would be able to claim that since the children have been with her 100 percent of the time, changing custody to 50/50 – or even allowing visitation – would upset their established routines and shouldn’t be allowed.

You can see why it is so important to swiftly and effectively move to have an order or protection dismissed, vacated, or at least modified to allow extensive visitation in order to re-level the playing field of a contested custody proceeding.

Broader implications of orders of protection

Orders of protection can be broader than just “stay away” orders.

For example, an order of protection can not only order the accused to stay away from a particular person or location (a residence, the accuser’s workplace, child’s school, etc.

), but also forbid the disposal of real or personal property or one party from taking the children outside the jurisdiction. In that way, these orders could be a very dangerous and wrongful tool if used improperly.

The impact of an order of protection, if false allegations, can be broad-reaching in a separation, divorce or child custody proceeding. Clearing your name, and putting your best arguments and evidence before the court, are crucial in getting the outcome that is best for your family.

That is why, if you have been accused of domestic violence in conjunction with any family court matter, you need the skill and experience of the attorneys at the Law Offices of Jeffrey M. Leving who have fought these battles many times before and have the ability and confidence to win no matter the odds.

Keep in mind that to be accused of domestic violence, you don’t actually have to have committed a violent act. In many cases, claiming to be feeling threatened or unsafe is enough to start the process. If you find yourself in such a crisis, contact me, Jeffrey M. Leving, to fight on your behalf.

Call toll free at 866-683-9611, locally at 312-702-0862 or send an email.

Источник: https://www.dadsrights.com/articles/false-domestic-abuse-claims-the-impact-on-your-divorce-or-separation/

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