Depression In Men: What to Know

What is depression?

Depression In Men: What to Know

Everyone feels sad or down from time to time, but this does not necessarily mean you are depressed. Understand the symptoms of depression, and how to treat it.

Everyone feels sad or down from time to time, but this does not necessarily mean you are depressed.

Depression is an intense feeling of sadness that lasts for a long time, sometimes weeks, months or years. If you are depressed, it can start to interfere with your day-to-day life, wellbeing and physical health.

Men may not recognise they have depression. If they do acknowledge it to themselves, they are often reluctant to talk about it or seek help. But depression is treatable, and the sooner you recognise the symptoms, the sooner you can recover.

What causes depression?

Sometimes depression has no apparent cause. Other times it may be caused by different factors such as:

  • A family history of depression may mean you are more ly to develop it.
  • A medical condition or a chronic illness can contribute to depression through your stress and worry.
  • A stressful event can trigger depression. For example, a family or relationship breakup, job loss and financial pressure, bullying, trauma, and the death of a friend or loved.
  • People who tend to worry a lot, are self-critical and have negative thoughts are at risk.

Symptoms of depression

People experience depression in different ways. Below are some common symptoms of depression.

Mood

  • feeling sad, moody or irritable
  • feeling hopeless or helpless
  • feeling numb or empty
  • feeling guilty and blaming yourself
  • unable to feel good or enjoy things that you normally do.

Thinking

  • being overly self-critical
  • believing you can’t cope and that things are your control
  • difficulty making decisions and thinking clearly
  • poor concentration and memory
  • thoughts of suicide or self-harm.

Behaviour

  • lack of motivation and energy
  • crying a lot
  • losing interest in activities you usually enjoy
  • withdrawing from your friends and family or being more dependent on them
  • increased use of alcohol or other drugs
  • losing your temper more than usual.

Physical

  • loss of appetite or over-eating
  • changes in sleep patterns – difficulty getting to sleep, waking up in the middle of the night or sleeping for longer
  • headaches or stomach aches
  • feeling physically sick
  • lack of interest in sex.

Everyone experiences some of these feelings or behaviours from time to time. However, for people experiencing depression, the feelings are severe, and they do not go away over time.

Men and depression

There are several myths about depression that can make men reluctant to talk about or seek help for their depression. These myths include the idea that:

  • depression is a sign of personal weakness
  • ‘real men’ are in control of their emotions and don’t let things get to them
  • feeling sad or down is not manly
  • anyone with enough willpower ought to be able to ‘snap it’
  • men should not ask for help; they should be able to cope on their own.

Because of these ideas, men often focus on the physical rather than the emotional symptoms of depression and often talk about feeling angry or irritable rather than sad. They also tend not to seek help until the depression is very severe, if at all. Untreated depression can negatively affect your relationships, your ability to hold down a job, and can lead to drug and alcohol problems.

Fortunately, more and more prominent men, including high profile sportsmen and politicians, are now beginning to talk about their depression. This is helping to reduce the stigma associated with this illness and allowing other men to talk about and seek help for their depression.

Depression and relationships

Depression can have a very negative impact on one’s relationships. Depressed people frequently experience a lack of energy and motivation which can severely hinder their ability to function in a relationship.

They may withdraw from others, become irritable and closed off, or fall into a state of apathy in which they are unable to act decisively or even get bed in the morning.

Their withdrawal from others can be confusing and hurtful to those close to them, especially if the depression is not diagnosed or understood.

Some people may respond unhelpfully by telling the depressed person to “pull themselves together”, not realising that their comments only make the sufferer feel worse. Many depression sufferers also lose interest in sex, creating further problems in intimate relationships.

Understanding that a depressed person’s behaviour is the result of an illness may not make things easy, but knowing what is going on, and that the condition is treatable, can give a sense of hope.

Treatment for depression

a physical illness, depression can be treated. There are psychological treatments that can help to reduce negative thinking, create strategies to tackle problems and improve relationships. For some, a combination of medication and psychological treatments may work best. It is important to find an approach that works for your situation.

If you are concerned about yourself or a loved one, speak to your GP or a mental health professional such as a MensLine Australia counsellor.

Helping someone who is depressed

If your loved one or friend is depressed, here are some things you can do:

  • Help him find a GP or a mental health professional such as MensLine Australia counsellor so he can get support.
  • Offer your support and understanding.
  • Talk to him and listen to what he has to say.
  • Invite him out. He may say no at first, and you don’t want to push him, but let him know that you are there.
  • Men with depression may be at risk for suicide. If he is in a crisis, get help quickly. Call Suicide Call Back Service on 1300 659 467 or call 000.

Road to recovery

If you are on treatment and start to feel better, try doing things that you used to enjoy before you were diagnosed as depressed. Here are some other ideas that may help:

  • Take it one day at a time and don’t worry too much about the future
  • Break large tasks into small ones and just do what you can, don’t be hard on yourself
  • Spend time with family and friends and talk to them about how you are feeling
  • Join a social or community group; take up a new hobby
  • Get some regular exercise and eat healthily
  • Stick to your treatment plan
  • Don’t suffer in silence. If you need help, talk to someone.

MensLine Australia is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week, with professional counsellors providing information and support for all relationship and depression issues. Call us on 1300 78 99 78 or access free video and online counselling.

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Источник: https://mensline.org.au/signs-and-symptoms-of-depression/what-is-depression/

Depression in Men: Types, Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Depression In Men: What to Know

Everyone feels sad, irritable, or tired at times. Many people experience difficulty sleeping when they’re under stress. These are normal reactions to life stressors that typically pass within a few days.

Major depressive disorder is different. Though insomnia and fatigue are often the presenting complaints, people with depression experience depressed mood or loss of interest in normal daily activities for weeks at a time.

The 12-month prevalence of major depressive disorder is approximately 7%. Although women experience higher rates of depression (1.5-3-fold higher)  beginning in early adolescence, men do experience depression.

Article continues below

Symptoms of Major Depressive Disorder

The essential feature of major depressive disorder is a period of two weeks during which there is either depressed mood most of the day nearly every day or loss of interest or pleasure in nearly all activities. Other potential symptoms include:

  • Significant weight loss when not dieting or weight gain and changes in appetite
  • Insomnia or hypersomnia nearly every day
  • Psychomotor agitation or retardation (a clinical term for a condition that describes actions that have no purpose such as tapping fingers or toes; pacing a room, etc.) nearly every day
  • Fatigue or loss of energy nearly every day
  • Feelings of worthlessness or excessive guilt
  • Impaired ability to think or concentrate, and/or indecisiveness
  • Recurrent thoughts of death, recurrent suicidal ideation without a plan, or a suicide attempt or suicide plan

The symptoms of major depressive disorder cause significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other areas of functioning.

Suicide Risk

The possibility of suicidal behavior exists at all times during a major depressive episode. The most consistent risk factor is a past history of attempts or threats, but it’s important to remember that most completed suicides are not preceded by unsuccessful suicides. Although women with depression are more ly to attempt suicide, men are more ly to die by suicide

Symptoms of depression in men

Different people experience different symptoms of depression, and symptoms for men can differ from symptoms for women. Men or more ly to feel very tired and irritable, lose interest in work, family, and/or hobbies, and have difficulty sleeping.

Men are ly to exhibit some of the following symptoms of depression:

  • Feel sad or “empty”
  • Feeling irritable, angry, hopeless, or anxious
  • Loss of interest in work, family, or other hobbies or interests (including sex)
  • Feeling very tired
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Sleep disturbance (unable to sleep or sleeping too much)
  • Changes in eating habits (overeating or not eating at all)
  • Thoughts of suicide, suicide attempts
  • Somatic complaints (aches or pains, headaches, digestive problems)
  • Inability to meet daily responsibilities.

Treatment

A combination of medication and psychotherapy is effective for most people with depression. Changes in lifestyle can also help.

Lifestyle

In mild cases of depression, daily exercise improved eating habits, and a specific sleep routine can assist in alleviating some symptoms.

Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy, or “talk therapy,” is a general term that refers to treating depression by talking through your triggers and responses with a licensed mental health professional. There are different types of psychotherapy that can be effective in treating depression.

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT): This short-term therapy works to replace negative and unproductive thought patterns with more realistic and useful ones. This treatment focuses on taking specific steps to manage and reduce symptoms.
  • Interpersonal “talk” therapy: This attachment-focused therapy centers on resolving interpersonal problems and symptomatic recovery.
  • Problem-solving therapy: This treatment helps people learn tools to effectively manage the negative effects of stressful life events.

Psychotherapy can help people with depression:

  • Cope with a crisis
  • Identify and replace negative beliefs
  • Explore relationships and experiences and build positive connections
  • Find adaptive ways to solve problems
  • Identify issues that contribute to depression
  • Set realistic goals
  • Develop the ability to tolerate stress and distress.

Medication Management

Either a primary care physician or a psychiatrist can assist with medication management.

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) and serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) medications are both effective treatments for depression.

Other possible medications include norepinephrine-dopamine reuptake inhibitors (NDRI), atypical antidepressants, tricyclic antidepressants, and monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOI).

Different people have different responses to medications. It’s important to work closely with your primary care physician or psychiatrist and report any side effects. Never stop taking antidepressant medication without consulting the prescribing doctor. Stopping treatment abruptly can produce withdrawal- symptoms and cause a sudden worsening of depressive symptoms.

Hospitalization

Severe cases of depression can require hospitalization. Psychiatric care in a hospital setting helps patients stay safe until their mood improves, particularly in the case of suicidal thoughts or suicide attempts.

Источник: https://www.psycom.net/depression-in-men

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