5 Personality Traits of Extroverts

Содержание
  1. Extraversion Personality Trait
  2. What is extraversion?
  3. Introvert and extrovert personality traits
  4. Extroverted personality traits
  5. Introverted personality traits
  6. How extroversion in personality influences behaviour in the workplace
  7. Friendliness
  8. Assertiveness 
  9. Positive
  10. Openness
  11. Excitement seeking
  12. What makes a person extrovert or introvert
  13. Advantages of of the extravert personality trait
  14. How Thomas assessments measure workplace personality
  15. In summary
  16. The Pros and Cons of Extroversion in the Workplace
  17. What is Extroversion? 
  18. The strengths of people HIGH in Extroversion (Extroverts)
  19. The weaknesses of people HIGH in Extroversion (Extroverts)
  20. The strengths of people LOW in Extroversion (Introverts)
  21. The weaknesses of people LOW in Extroversion (Introverts)
  22. How do I test for Extroversion?
  23. Signs of HIGH Extroversion (Extroverts)
  24. Signs of LOW Extroversion (Introverts)
  25. How to become extroverted
  26. 1. Realize the benefits of both
  27. 2. Learn from others
  28. 3. Practice extrovert behaviors
  29. 4. Plan for challenging situations
  30. 5. Use active listening skills
  31. The spectrum of Extroversion
  32. Extroversion in the workplace
  33. Introvert vs Extrovert — The Difference Between Personality Traits
  34. What is an introvert?
  35. Common introvert traits
  36. What is an extrovert?
  37. Common extrovert traits
  38. So, how do you find out if you’re an introvert or an extrovert?
  39. Extraverts vs. Introverts: The Big Five Personality Types Explained
  40. Extraverts vs. Introverts—Not Necessarily Opposites?
  41. Extraversion and Sociability
  42. Characteristics of Extraverts
  43. Keep Reading Agreeableness: The Big Five Personality Types Explained Personality and the Nature-Nurture Debate A Look at Behavior after “Big Five” Personality Test Proven Unreliable

Extraversion Personality Trait

5 Personality Traits of Extroverts

OCEAN is a common acronym that is widely used to describe the five big traits that help define personality types.

Openness, Conscientiousness, Extroversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism make up the big five and can provide employers and recruiters with useful insight into a candidate or colleague that will also help predict future career success or potential business disruption.

Extraversion is one of the most commonly understood personality traits but in today’s guide we are going to dive deeper into this personality type. We are going to take a look at how extraversion can influence behaviour in the workplace, what can make someone an introvert or an extrovert and how Thomas International can help you assess and measure a person’s level of extroversion. 

Throughout today’s guide, you will see different spellings of ‘extrovert’ and ‘extravert’ as well as ‘extroversion’ and ‘extraversion’. These are just differences in spelling which don’t alter the meaning of the word; they are interchangeable and bear no difference in analysing a candidate’s personality.

What is extraversion?

Extraversion is a measure of how energetic, sociable and friendly a person is.

Extraverts are commonly understood as being a ‘people’s person’ drawing energy from being around others directing their energies towards people and the outside world.

Often seen as the ones talking the most in a social situation, extraverts are traditionally characterized by sociability, talkativeness, assertiveness, and excitability.

It is however unfair to think that extroverted people are attention seekers. On the contrary, they are gaining energy from their social interactions and extroverts need social stimulation to feel energised. 

We will all encounter an extraverted person in our lives, whether professional or personal. Importantly this personality type thrives on excitement and are generally very enthusiastic about social interactions. Impulsive in nature, extroverts prefer to do an activity rather than ponder or think about doing something. 

Important to note is how an extraverted individual will or can impact behaviour in a workplace. We will take a closer look at this shortly however, the main points to note include:

  • Extroverts enjoy being around people and larger social groups. A workplace environment that is suited towards cooperation, teamwork and even allowing space for this personality to thrive is essential. 
  • Extroverts also enjoy talking a lot; this is where they gain ‘energy’ to go about their day and complete their tasks. This could be more problematic in a workplace that deals with more data led and analytical environments where distractions can be problematic to completing tasks.

Introvert and extrovert personality traits

Of course there are different traits for introverts and extroverts and importantly the way that these are understood and analysed can make a significant difference in the way that an individual can respond to a workplace environment or the choices they make in selecting a career. 

Extroverted personality traits

  • Enjoying social situations

This includes but is not limited to the workplace. Extroverts will introduce themselves to strangers easily and rarely avoid unfamiliar situations. 

Being away from other people can be draining in a different way for extroverts. They gain their energy by being around others.

Extroverts find it easy to introduce themselves in social situations and you will also notice how big a social network an extravert will have because of this.

Extraverted individuals tend to take more risks than introverts. Trying and failing is more appetising than not trying at all. 

Introverted personality traits

  • Dis being the centre of attention

In contrast to the extrovert, the introvert finds social situations somewhat difficult and if any attention is directed their way or they are singled out, this can cause a lot of social discomfort.

Introverts looking inwards and analysing themselves, their behaviour or even something that has happened in the day and especially before taking any further action or steps.

Whilst the extrovert finds alone time discomforting, the introvert is a different person altogether. Having that time to unwind by themselves allows them to process emotions and self calm in a way that an extrovert would struggle with.

How extroversion in personality influences behaviour in the workplace

Extroversion can affect behaviour in the workplace. Through years of analysis and even anecdotal experience from managers and recruiters, extroverted personalities can have both a positive and negative influence in the workplace. 

The extroverted subtraits include, friendliness, assertiveness, openness, positivity and excitement seeking. 

Friendliness

Extroverted people make friends easily and enjoy getting to know them. They can build conversations and easily make contacts. Finding genuine interests and topics to talk about gives extroverted people the energy they need to function in a social environment.

Assertiveness 

Extroverted people tend to be more assertive which makes them natural leaders. You may see this as a pushy personality but in fact, extroverts look at situations with a more positive outlook and believe that they can get the job done.

Positive

Extroverts tend to be cheerful and have a positive outlook which can positively affect the people around them — a good teamwork scenario where the stress of the job or the role can be draining.

Openness

Extraverted individuals tend to be more open about their personal life, openly discussing what is going on. Sometimes this can be distracting for teams or others in the workplace so it must be managed carefully.

Excitement seeking

Extroverts enjoy a fast paced life, filling their social calendar and not sitting for too long on decisions. This can be a plus or minus for those in leadership positions who may need more time to make a decision and move the business forwards.

What makes a person extrovert or introvert

This is a question that neuroscience and psychologists have tried to answer through years of study and analysis. Whilst many argue that extroversion or introversion are on a sliding scale, what is important to note is that there are a few different ways of analysing this question. 

Fundamentally this all boils down to nature vs nurture.

Is it that a person becomes extroverted or introverted through how they grow up or is there a genetic component that influences this more than we might think? Studies have shown that there is a strong genetic link to extraversion, contributing somewhere between 40% and 60% of the variance between extroversion and introversion. Twin studies have shown that individual experiences carry greater weight than shared experiences in families [1].

Because extroversion or introversion can be part of your personality which can change over time, (you may be less social as a child but not as an adult for example) many social psychologists have coined ambiversion to explain this personality trait. There is a little more to ambiversion however. 

Ambiverts can be both extroverted and introverted and can flip into either depending on their mood, content and goals. For example, an ambivert can be in the camp of liking company or time by themselves depending on their situation or circumstance. 

You will have heard of terms such as outgoing introverts or anti-social extroverts. This is just another way to describe ambiversion. It is better understood as extroversion as seen on a sliding scale. 

There have been many neuroscience studies which also show that the brains of extroverts and introverts differ.

One prime example is when dopamine floods the brain of both extroverts and introverts and the different reactions that take place.

Whilst both personalities will talk more and take more risks, extroverts will respond more to this stimulus and can even channel it greater than an introvert.

Advantages of of the extravert personality trait

There are many advantages of having an extroverted personality. From finding it easier to get a job to even more success in personal life such as dating. Here are some of the other advantages to extraverted personalities. 

  • Find it easier to establish valuable relationships
  • Able to guide conversations
  • Higher levels of confidence
  • Generally cheerful and upbeat
  • Find it easier to start conversations with strangers
  • Have larger social networks
  • Can be characterized as having an “aura”
  • Can lead conversations in a desired direction
  • Is generally easier to be understood through language

There are however some of the downsides of extraversion such as:

  • Don’t always work well in solitude or alone
  • Manner can be annoying to others
  • Overconfidence
  • May take excessive risk
  • Can be an exhausting personality type
  • Can be over the top and thus, exhaustive
  • Rely for other people to be happy to find satisfaction

How Thomas assessments measure workplace personality

The Thomas workplace personality assessment can be used to understand a candidate or employees extraversion, and wider personality. 

Thomas workplace personality assessment can be used to understand a candidate or employees level of extraversion, and wider personality by using the globally recognised and respected big 5 psychological theory. The High Potential Trait Indicator (HPTI) as we also call it, can also help to identify leadership potential.

Developed by Ian MacRae and Adrian Furnham in 2006, the HPTI has been designed an ‘optimality’ model, which assumes that personality traits can be considered ‘optimal’ the requirements of a particular job role or position, such as senior executive leadership.

Whether you are looking for the next superstar to join your team, possibly even start to change team dynamics or you want to measure the level of extraversion in your workplace, the HPTI assessment can analyse all the data in one place giving you insight in minutes.

In summary

Extraversion is a measure of how energetic, sociable and friendly a person is.

Extraverts are commonly understood as being a ‘people’s person’ drawing energy from being around others directing their energies towards people and the outside world.

Social scientists have spent years studying extroversion and how much this is impacted by both nature and nurture. There are advantages and disadvantages of being extroverted and over time, one can become more extroverted or introverted or, many can also fit into the category of ambiversion — where both extrovert and introvert tendencies can comfortably sit. 

Being able to accurately assess how extroverted and introverted a candidate or employee is can help organisations understand team dynamics and where the business can create a working environment that works for everyone. Visit our workplace personality page to find out more. 

Sources:

1. https://www.verywellmind.com/what-is-extroversion-2795994

Источник: https://www.thomas.co/resources/type/hr-blog/extraversion-personality-trait

The Pros and Cons of Extroversion in the Workplace

5 Personality Traits of Extroverts

Extroversion is one of the most widely talked about personality characteristics of all time.

There have been books written about extroversion and introversion, TED Talks have been given, and there are dozens of online tests and opinions about this every present personality characteristic.

It might be the most widely talked about personality characteristic because it makes a lot of sense and people can easily self-identify their own level of extroversion.

In this post, we'll discuss the relevance of extroversion as it relates to the workplace, the pros and cons of extroverts on the job, and how to become extroverted.

What we'll cover

What is Extroversion? 

Extroversion is the quality of being outgoing and directing attention to things other than yourself. It’s characterized by sociability, assertiveness, talkativeness, and excitability.

People who are high in extroversion seek out social stimulation and love to engage with others. Those who are low in extroversion (introverts), on the other hand, tend to be more quiet, reserved, and less involved in social situations. 

In the simplest terms, extroversion and introversion refers to the way a person “recharges” and processes stimuli. People with high extroversion gain energy by spending time with other people, while introverts gain energy through solitude.

Western society often values and celebrates extroverts, but that doesn’t mean that extroverts are better in the workplace. Introversion and Extroversion both have strengths and weaknesses that can affect performance as an employee, manager, or leader.

The strengths of people HIGH in Extroversion (Extroverts)

People with high extroversion tend to relate well to others, and are often well-d in their teams and offices. They form quick and easy friendships, and their outgoing nature leads to effective group-work.

  • Capable of quickly forming close associations with others
  • Comfortable forming friendships with a large number of people
  • Remember names and faces
  • Tend to be straightforward, candid, and often charismatic
  • Communicate easily with a variety of people
  • Work well in group settings
  • Invites others to participate who might be less inclined
  • Willing to assist others with difficulties
  • Highly sociable, prefer to spend majority of time with others
  • Ideas and comments are well received in group settings
  • Upbeat, chatty, and able to speak publicly
  • Confident in social settings
  • Usually very determined, ly to take charge, and confident
  • Highly self-reliant tendencies, ly to become a leader

The weaknesses of people HIGH in Extroversion (Extroverts)

People with high extroversion may struggle with keeping their emotions in check. At times, they can come across as aggressive or abrasive, but are also intent on pleasing people. This can lead to easily swayed opinions and unfinished projects.

  • Often unable to make analytical, emotionless judgements
  • May lack independence and gumption
  • May value too highly the validation of others
  • Tendency to get lonely
  • May occasionally come across as harsh and aggressive or controlling and arrogant
  • May not have the best judgment
  • Can be too intense or lively
  • May struggle to concentrate on what others are saying
  • May be inconsiderate or sometimes socially unaware
  • Can sometimes make others uncomfortable
  • ly to stand in the spotlight more, rather than giving it to others
  • May appear to be too confident or cocky
  • Desire to spend time in the company of others may affect personal work
  • May attempt to do more than can be realistically completed in a set time frame
  • May struggle to complete projects

The strengths of people LOW in Extroversion (Introverts)

People with low extroversion are precise and detail-oriented. They depend less on encouragement and are good, logical leaders. Their ability to focus on projects leads to high group effectiveness.

  • Not hugely affected by emotions or feelings
  • Less dependent on common encouragements
  • Impartial and critical
  • Insists on precision and being detail-oriented
  • More inclined to take charge in situations that require a logical and fact-based perspective
  • Prefers to focus on one project at a time rather than bounce around
  • Ability to be self-reliant and think purposefully
  • Independent, with the ability to lead group endeavors
  • Dependable, cautious, and deliberate
  • Often well-suited to manage potential pitfalls
  • Tend to have a very steady mood
  • Often mild-mannered, accommodating, and good listener

The weaknesses of people LOW in Extroversion (Introverts)

People with low extroversion can come off as unfriendly or shy. They struggle in social events and can struggle working in groups with people they do not . Once they have an idea in their head, they can be difficult to compromise with. They are often perceived as unfriendly and elitist.

  • May prefer privacy to working in groups
  • Value making their own decisions outside of others’ opinions
  • Social events can be awkward and uncomfortable
  • Often don’t enjoy group events
  • Can be difficult to compromise with
  • May feel an intense sense of inferiority which can result in workplace shyness
  • Not inclined to take charge, and often constrained in social situations and personal relationships
  • Difficulty working in groups
  • May ignore others and follow own opinion despite consensus
  • Form harsh negative opinions on others, very critical
  • Not a risk taker
  • Hard work/accomplishments might not be remembered or appreciated

How do I test for Extroversion?

Testing for extroversion is one of the easier characteristics to spot in people. Look for the following attributes when interacting with individuals you work with and you'll start to get a good sense of how extroverted someone is. 

Signs of HIGH Extroversion (Extroverts)

  • Outgoing
  • Talkative
  • Quick to answer questions
  • Uncomfortable with silence
  • Often talks loudly

Signs of LOW Extroversion (Introverts)

  • Reserved
  • Thinks before responding
  • Needs to be prompted
  • Comfortable with silence
  • Sometimes soft spoken

Looking for these signs can help you spot those high in extroversion vs. low. The reality is that everyone is on a spectrum. Some people are in the middle or sway one way or another. The important thing is to look for the tendency to pull one way or another.

How to become extroverted

There will ly be times in your professional career when it’s advantageous to be more extroverted. For example, it can help to be more comfortable with groups, meet people easily, and hold conversations naturally without wondering what to say.

That begs the question: can an introvert become more extroverted? The answer is yes, with certain strategies. The five tips below can help bring out your more extroverted side.

1. Realize the benefits of both

Sometimes people who are more introverted feel negatively toward those loud, disorganized extroverts, and vice versa. Realize that both tendencies have strengths and weaknesses. Expanding your ability to behave more extroverted when the situation calls for it is a valuable skill in the workplace. 

2. Learn from others

Identify the extroverts you interact with personally and professionally and observe them closely. See what they do differently than you, and learn from their actions. 

3. Practice extrovert behaviors

While “fake it till you make it” is just a saying, there is some truth behind it. Practice behaving an extrovert—strike up conversations even if you don’t have specific reasons to talk, make eye contact and smile, be more present and get your head, share information about yourself, etc. The more you do what may not come naturally, the more comfortable you will become.

4. Plan for challenging situations

Social situations or times when they are the center of attention are draining to introverts. If you know that you have something coming up that requires you to be more extroverted, give yourself the time and space to prepare beforehand and recharge afterward.  

5. Use active listening skills

People enjoy being with those who actively listen when participating in conversations. Since introverts are often gifted listeners, this is an area where you can excel.

Instead of simply listening, though, use this natural ability to join in and ask questions that show genuine interest in what others say.

You might be surprised how others respond, and that when you put your mind to it, you can converse an extrovert. 

The spectrum of Extroversion

We all have tendencies that typically fall somewhere in between pure extroversion or introversion. Plus, it’s natural to act differently in different situations.

So can you be shy and an extrovert? Yes. Shyness doesn’t mean you want to be alone, just that you have a fear of social judgement. An extrovert can crave being with people but fear possible judgement.

And if you’ve heard of being an introverted extrovert, or an extroverted introvert, that’s when you need to remember that this personality trait is a spectrum. It’s natural to be more extroverted in certain situations, and more introverted in others. 

Recognizing this has given rise to the term ambivert—a person who has a balance of both introvert and extrovert qualities. The truth is, as humans we to neatly categorize and label, but personality is often more fluid than we’d . 

Extroversion in the workplace

There is no right or wrong amount of extroversion to seek for in the workplace. We all have strengths and weaknesses. The goal is to learn how to best work with people of different levels of extroversion so we can utilize their strengths and mitigate their weaknesses.

Understanding someone’s level of extroversion/introversion can be a valuable tool when hiring, especially for positions that require a lot of social interaction, sales or customer service. Journeyfront’s pre-employment assessments can help you find candidates that are the right fit for your job and culture. 

Источник: https://www.journeyfront.com/blog/the-pros-and-cons-of-extroversion-in-the-workplace

Introvert vs Extrovert — The Difference Between Personality Traits

5 Personality Traits of Extroverts

This content is imported from {embed-name}. You may be able to find the same content in another format, or you may be able to find more information, at their web site.

Most of us think being introverted or extroverted is as simple as falling into one of two boxes: Would you rather stay at home on a Friday night in your pajamas or go out to the bars with a big group of friends? Would you rather be the center of attention or stay as far away from the spotlight as you can?

But the truth is, your personality is not that black and white. “There are no pure types in psychology,” says Dan McAdams, PhD, chair of the psychology department at Northwestern University.

“Extroversion/introversion is a continuous dimension, height and weight.

There are people who score at the extremes, very heavy people, or very tall people, or people who score very high on the trait of extroversion—but most people fall in the middle of these bell-shaped curves.”

Regardless of where we sit on the spectrum, there’s no doubt that personality plays a huge role in our everyday lives. “Everything that people do is a reflection of their personality,” says Michael Robinson, PhD, professor of psychology at North Dakota State University. “Personality is always with us, influencing what we think about, what we feel, and how we behave.”

Our personalities are made up of what psychologists call “The Big 5” personality traits, which have the acronym OCEAN: openness to experience, conscientiousness, extroversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism, says Scott Bea, PsyD, a psychologist at the Cleveland Clinic.

So even though extroversion is only one part of our personalities, it’s still a big part of how we think and act. And just how extroverted or introverted we are can influence everything from our social views, to our relationships, to our careers. Here’s what to know about the two polar ends of the continuum and determining where you fall.

What is an introvert?

Being more of an introverted person means you thrive on spending time with your own thoughts and ideas.

Common introvert traits

  • Enjoy spending time in solitude
  • Don’t prefer to be the center of attention
  • Value close one-on-one relationships
  • Think before they speak/not as talkative
  • Need time alone to recharge and reflect
  • Prefer working in quiet, independent environments
  • Deeply focus and think about specific interests
  • Can be seen as reserved

“One thing I think people get confused is the difference between introversion and shyness,” says Robin Edelstein, PhD, chair of the Personality and Social Contexts Psychology Program at the University of Michigan. “Shyness has anxiety, or a negative component, to it.” Pure introversion, on the other hand, doesn’t have that negative aspect to it. “They’re happy to be alone, not needing as much social contact, but not having this anxiety about, ‘Will other people me? Will I be accepted?’ That’s more shyness than introversion,” says Edelstein.

“Introverts and extroverts do not differ in the quality of the friendships that they have.”

Another important thing to remember about introverts is that just because they might prefer to be around fewer people, that doesn’t mean they don’t still have quality friendships and relationships, says Robinson. “Once a friendship is established, introverts and extroverts do not differ in the quality of the friendships that they have,” he says.

Although our society tends to be more geared toward extroverts—think leadership roles, building connections, and so on—the seemingly bad image introverts sometimes get doesn’t really hold water. “A lot of people have argued that we value extroversion so much in Western culture that introverts get a bad rap,” says Edelstein. “But there’s nothing problematic about being an introvert.”

In fact, on top of still having great relationships, introverts can also be extremely successful in their careers. The only difference is, they tend to gravitate more toward roles that have an element of solitude, such as accounting, engineering, writing, or long-haul truck driving.

What is an extrovert?

Being more of an extroverted person means you thrive on the energy of the people and things around you.

Common extrovert traits

  • Have large social networks
  • Enjoy being the center of attention
  • Tend to think out loud
  • Make quick decisions
  • Gain energy from being around other people
  • Outgoing, enthusiastic, and positive
  • Thrive in team-oriented and open work settings

“Extroverts are also more ly to be the center of a social network,” says Ryne Sherman, PhD, associate professor of psychology at Texas Tech University. “They’re more ly to be the person who knows lots of people.”

Although there’s no research showing the differences between how introverts and extroverts react to and accept change, since extroverts tend to have larger social circles, that could make a difference in how deeply big life events might impact them. “They can draw on more people to provide comfort, to provide social support,” says Sherman. “So when a major event happens, they have more support than introverts typically do.”

“Our world is set up and more geared toward extroverts and making connections.”

Plus, our society tends to be more geared toward the acceptance of extroverts. “I think you can make a case that they’re better suited to our world in a lot of ways,” says Edelstein. “Our world is sort of set up and more geared toward extroverts and making connections, going on job interviews, and going on dates. All these things make that easier.”

This is part of the reason extroverts can more often be found in leadership roles, or in people-centric careers sales, marketing, or public relations.

But it’s important to keep in mind that extroversion is still just one component of a person’s personality. “I think a big piece of thinking about introversion and extroversion in combination with other traits is it’s going to have a different flavor,” says Edelstein. For example, there’s a big difference between an extrovert who’s agreeable versus one who’s loud and makes rude comments.

So, how do you find out if you’re an introvert or an extrovert?

Most of us will fall somewhere in the middle of the two extremes. That’s a good thing, especially as our society has become more and more obsessed with dividing us out into “types.”

“Certain very popular 'measures' of personality (most notoriously the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, or MBTI) purport to put people into types,” says McAdams. “There are no types, and these measures have no scientific validity. What we can say is that people do show differences with respect to where they are placed on the continuum.”

To find out where you sit on that continuum, Sherman recommends taking the SAPA Project’s personality test, which will tell you whether you’re high or low on extroversion. Being aware of your personality can definitely prove beneficial. “It provides some sense of consistency, predictability, and reliability of our expression of ourselves across time,” says Bea.

This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. You may be able to find more information about this and similar content at piano.io

Источник: https://www.prevention.com/health/mental-health/a24068521/introvert-vs-extrovert/

Extraverts vs. Introverts: The Big Five Personality Types Explained

5 Personality Traits of Extroverts
(Image: By EtiAmmos/Shutterstock)

Hello reader. This is the second article in a series about the big five personality types. You might prefer to start with the first post: The Science Behind the Five Major Personality Types

Extraverts vs. Introverts—Not Necessarily Opposites?

When we talk about the trait of extraversion, we’re talking about a dimension that runs from being very low in extraversion at one end to being very high in extraversion at the other.

In everyday language, we often use the label introvert to describe people who are low in extraversion, but personality researchers generally talk about low versus high extraversion rather than about introverts and extroverts.

Partly that’s to avoid thinking of extraversion and introversion as if they’re personality types.

This is a transcript from the video series Why You are Who You Are: Investigations into Human Personality. Watch it now, on Wondrium.

Most personality characteristics are continuous traits rather than categorical types, and that’s true of extraversion. In addition, we usually don’t contrast introverts with extraverts in order to avoid the suggestion that introversion is somehow the opposite of extraversion, which it isn’t. Introverts simply fall in the lower tail of the normal distribution of extraversion scores.

Introversion is not the opposite of extraversion. Introverts simply fall on the low end of extraversion distribution scores.

So, for example, introverts may social interactions less than extraverts do, but they don’t necessarily dis interacting with other people at all. And introverts may be less assertive than extraverts are, but they aren’t necessarily nonassertive or submissive.

So, to avoid suggesting that introverts and extraverts are opposites, we usually talk about people who are low versus high in extraversion.

I’ll occasionally lapse into referring to extraverts and introverts from time to time, but keep in mind that we’re really talking about a dimension of low to high extraversion.

Learn more about how strongly related particular personality characteristics are to behaviors, emotions, or other characteristics

Extraversion and Sociability

Extraversion has a number of interrelated features, but its central characteristic is sociability. The higher that people score in extraversion, the more they enjoy interacting with other people.

Compared to people who are low in extraversion, people who are high in extraversion are more gregarious, they enjoy social gatherings more—including large parties—and they seek out opportunities to interact with other people more often.

And, as you would expect, when they’re in social situations, people who are high in extraversion are more talkative than people low in extraversion are. People high in extraversion are so highly motivated to interact with other people that, when they’re alone for a long time, they sometimes go on a search just for somebody to talk to.

In social situations, people who are high in extraversion (blue) are more talkative than people low in extraversion (red) (Image: By Vitalii Vodolazskyi/Shutterstock)

Many studies of extraversion have been conducted in controlled laboratory settings in which people are observed interacting with others. However, some of the best evidence for the behaviors that are associated with low and high extraversion has examined people’s behavior during everyday life.

In one study, participants completed a measure of extraversion and then wore an electronically activated recorder as they went about their daily lives.

This recorder was programmed to turn on for a few minutes randomly throughout the day, providing objective data about what the participants were doing at the time.

Analyses of the recorded data showed that participants who scored higher in extraversion were much more ly to be interacting with other people at times when the recorder activated than participants who were lower in extraversion.

Although sociability is the key feature of extraversion, people who are low versus high in extraversion differ in other ways as well.

Learn more about agreeableness

Characteristics of Extraverts

For example, people who are high in extraversion tend to be more assertive and dominant than people lower in extraversion.

They are also more energetic and active, and they to stay busier than people who are lower in extraversion do.

High extraverts also tend to be somewhat more upbeat and cheerful than people low in extraversion, but researchers don’t completely understand why extraverts tend to experience more positive emotions.

Physiologically, high extraverts are more sensitive to rewards than people who are lower in extraversion.

One possibility is that, physiologically, high extraverts are more sensitive to rewards than people who are lower in extraversion.

It seems that extraverts are more oriented toward having rewarding experiences and have a lower threshold for experiencing pleasure.

Because they are more focused on rewards, people high in extraversion may tend to behave in ways that promote their own happiness more than low extraverts do.

Learn more about why different people respond to the same event in different ways

Another possible explanation is that, given how much of life requires interacting with other people, those who really enjoy interacting with others will be happier in the course of everyday life than people who don’t enjoy interacting as much.

The second most important trait in the list of the big five personality types is called neuroticism. We will talk about in the next post: Neuroticism: The Big Five Personality Types Explained

Keep Reading
Agreeableness: The Big Five Personality Types Explained
Personality and the Nature-Nurture Debate
A Look at Behavior after “Big Five” Personality Test Proven Unreliable

Источник: https://www.thegreatcoursesdaily.com/extroverts-vs-introverts-the-big-five-personality-types-explained/

Psychologydo
Добавить комментарий

;-) :| :x :twisted: :smile: :shock: :sad: :roll: :razz: :oops: :o :mrgreen: :lol: :idea: :grin: :evil: :cry: :cool: :arrow: :???: :?: :!: